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moneycontrol.com भारत | लेखांकन नीति > Oil Drilling And Exploration > लेखांकन नीति फॉलोड से अबन अफशोर - बीएसई: 523204, NSE: ABAN

अबन अफशोर

बीएसई: 523204  |  NSE: ABAN  |  ISIN: INE421A01028  |  Oil Drilling And Exploration

खोजें अबन अफशोर कनेक्शन मार्च 17
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '18

1.1 Summary of significant accounting policies

1. Use of estimates

Preparation of these financial statements in accordance with Ind AS requires management to make judgements on the basis of certain estimates and assumptions. In addition, the applications of accounting policies require management judgment. Estimates are based on the managements view on past events and future development and strategies. Management reviews the estimates and assumptions on a continuous basis, by reference to past experiences and other factors that can reasonably be used to assess the book values of assets and liabilities.

The accounting policies which have the most significant effect on the figures disclosed in the financial statements are mentioned below and these should be read in conjunction with the disclosure of the significant Ind AS accounting policies provided below:

1. Impairment testing

Company‘s management reviews regularly, and at each reporting date, whether there is any indication of impairment in respect of Goodwill. Goodwill is tested annually for impairment, even if there is no indication of impairment.

ii. Useful life of Property, Plant and Equipment

The assessment of the useful life of each asset by considering the historical experience and expectations regarding future operations and expected usage, estimated technical obsolescence, residual value, physical wear and tear and the operating environment in which the asset is located needs significant judgement by the management.

iii. Fair Value

Certain financial instruments, such as investments in equity securities, derivative financial instruments and certain elements of borrowings, are carried in the financial statements at fair value, with changes in fair value reflected in the income statements. Fair values are estimated by reference to published price quotations or by using other valuation techniques that may include inputs that are not based on observable market data, such as discounted cash flows analysis.

2. Presentation of true and fair view

These financial Statements have been prepared by applying Ind AS principles and necessary disclosures have been made which present a true and fair view of the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of the Company.

3. Going concern

These financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis and it is assumed that the company will continue in operation in the foreseeable future and neither there is an intention nor need to materially curtail the scale of operations.

4. Accrual basis

These financial statements, except for cash flow information, have been prepared using the accrual basis of accounting

5. Materiality

Each material class of similar items has been presented separately in these Financial Statements.

6. Basis of Measurement

These financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost convention and on an accrual basis, except for certain properties and financial instruments that have been measured at fair values or revalued amounts as required by the relevant IndAS.

7. Offsetting

In preparation of these Financial Statements, the Company has not offset assets and liabilities or income and expenses, unless required or permitted by Ind AS.

8. Investment in Associates

An associate is an entity in which the investor has significant influence, but which is neither a subsidiary nor a joint venture of the investor. Interests in Associates are accounted in these Consolidated Financial Statements using the equity method of accounting in accordance with Ind AS 28 (Investments in associates and joint venture).

9. Functional and Presentation Currency

Ind AS 21 (The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates) requires that functional currency and presentation currency be determined. Functional currency is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates. Presentation currency is the currency in which the financial statements are presented.

These financial statements are presented in Indian Rupee, which is the functional currency and presentation currency of the Company. All foreign currency transactions are expressed in the functional currency using the exchange rate at the transaction date.

Foreign currency balances representing cash or amounts to be received or paid in cash (monetary items) are retranslated at the end of the year using the exchange rate on that date. Exchange differences on such monetary items are recognized as income or expense for the year.

Non-monetary balances that are not remeasured at fair value and are denominated in a foreign currency are expressed in the functional currency using the exchange rate at the transaction date. Where a non-monetary item is remeasured at fair value in the financial statements, the exchange rate at the date when fair value was determined is used.

10. Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment (PPE) is recognized when the cost of an asset can be reliably measured and it is probable that the entity will obtain future economic benefits from the asset.

PPE is measured initially at cost. Cost includes the fair value of the consideration given to acquire the asset (net of discounts and rebates) and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to working condition for its intended use (inclusive of import duties and non-refundable purchase taxes).

In the first year of transition to Ind AS, the various items of PPE have been valued as per their ‘deemed cost’ in accordance with Ind AS 101(First time adoption of Indian accounting standards).

The company has chosen the deemed cost exception provided in Ind AS 101. Accordingly, it has partly revalued its property, plant and equipment, and partly recalculated carrying values by applying Ind AS guidance from the date of acquisition of such assets.

The cost of a major inspection or overhaul of an item occurring at regular intervals over the useful life of the item is capitalised to the extent that it meets the recognition criteria of an asset. The carrying amounts of the parts replaced are derecognized.

11. Depreciation on Property, plant and equipment(PPE)

The depreciable amount of PPE (being the gross carrying value less the estimated residual value) is depreciated on a systematic basis over its remaining useful life. Subsequent expenditure relating to an item of PPE is capitalized if it meets the recognition criteria.

PPE may comprise parts with different useful lives. Depreciation is calculated based on each individual part’s life subject to the life of the main asset. In case of replacement of one part, the new part is capitalized to the extent that it meets the recognition criteria of an asset, and the carrying amount of the parts replaced is derecognized.

Depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis on the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the assets as under-

As on transition, based on the technical evaluation, the estimated useful lives of some of the rigs have been revised from 30 years to 39 years.

12. Borrowings costs

Borrowing costs are interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale.

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset form part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense.

Borrowing costs include interest expense, if any, calculated using the effective interest method, finance charges, if any, in respect of finance leases and exchange differences, if any, arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent that they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs.

13. Impairment of Property, plant and equipment

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in profit or loss, unless the asset is carried at revalued amount. Any impairment loss of a revalued asset shall be treated as a revaluation decrease.

After the recognition of an impairment loss, the depreciation (amortisation) charge for the asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset’s revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on a systematic basis over its remaining useful life.

An impairment loss recognized in prior periods for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the asset’s recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized.

14. Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

Quoted Investments are recognized and measured at fair value.

15. Inventories

The Company determines the cost for items that are not interchangeable or that have been segregated for specific contracts on an individual-item basis as per Ind AS 2, ‘Inventories’. The cost of other inventory items used is assigned by using either the first-in, first-out (FIFO) or weighted average cost formula.

The Company uses the same cost formula for all inventories of similar nature and use. The cost formula used is applied on a consistent basis from period to period.

Inventories are initially recognized at the lower of cost and net realisable value (NRV). Cost of inventories includes import duties, non-refundable taxes, transport and handling costs and any other directly attributable costs, less trade discounts, rebates and similar items. Costs such as abnormal amount of wasted materials, storage costs, administrative costs and selling costs are excluded from the cost of inventories. NRV is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and estimated selling expenses.

16. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of a good or service. A customer obtains control when it has the ability to direct the use of and obtain the benefits from the good or service.

For this, the company first determines whether control is transferred over time. If the answer to this question is negative, only then revenue is recognized at a point in time, or else it is recognized over time.

The company recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount expected to be received in exchange for those goods or services.

Income from drilling services is recognized as earned, based on contractual daily rates billed on monthly basis. Mobilization /demobili zation fees received, if any, is recognized as earned in the year of mobilization/demobilization.

Income from wind power generation is recognized based on the number of units of power generated every month at contracted rates.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head “other income” in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Dividend income is recognized when the company’s right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

17. Retirement and other employee benefits

Employee benefits are all forms of consideration given or promised by the company in exchange for services rendered by its employees. These benefits include salary-related benefits (such as wages, profit-sharing, bonuses and compensated absences, such as paid holiday and long-service leave), termination benefits (such as severance and redundancy pay) and post employment benefits (such as retirement benefit plans).

Defined contribution plans

The cost of defined contribution plans is the contribution payable by the employer for that accounting period.

Defined benefit plans

Accounting for defined benefit plans is based on actuarial assumptions and different valuation methods to measure the balance sheet obligation and the expense.

Contribution to Provident Fund which is a defined contribution retirement plan is made monthly at a predetermined rate to the Provident Fund Authorities and is debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis.

Contribution to Superannuation Scheme which is defined contribution retirement plan is made annually at predetermined rate to insurance companies which administer the fund and debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss

Where defined benefit plans are funded, the plan assets are measured at fair value.At each balance sheet date, the plan assets and the defined benefit obligations are remeasured. The income statement reflects the change in the surplus or deficit, except for contributions made to the plan and benefits paid by the plan, along with business combinations and remeasurement gains and losses.

Remeasurement gains and losses comprise actuarial gains and losses, return on plan assets (comprise amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability or asset) and any change in the effect of the asset ceiling (excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability or asset). Remeasurements are recognized in other comprehensive income.

The amount of pension expense (income) to be recognized in profit or loss is comprised of the following individual components, unless they are required or permitted to be included in the costs of an asset:

- Service costs (present value of the benefits earned by active employees)

- Net interest costs (unwinding of the discount on the defined benefit obligations and a theoretical return on plan assets)

The company makes annual contribution to Gratuity Funds administered by Insurance Companies, which is considered as defined benefit plan. The present value of the defined benefit is measured using the ‘Projected Unit Credit method’ with actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date by an independent valuer. Actuarial gain and losses are immediately recognized in the State ment of Profit and Loss. Amount of contribution, computed by the insurers is paid by the company and charged to Statement of Profit and Loss. No additional liability is anticipated under the scheme administered by the Insurance Companies.

The Company makes provision for leave encashment based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary at the Bal ance Sheet date.

18. Taxes on income

Current tax expense is based on the taxable and deductible amounts to be used for the computation of the taxable income for the current year. A liability is recognized in the balance sheet in respect of current tax expense for the current and prior periods to the extent unpaid. An asset is recognized if current tax has been overpaid.

Current tax assets and liabilities for the current and prior periods are measured at the amount expected to be paid to (recovered from) the taxation authorities, using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax is provided in full for all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements, except when the temporary difference arises from the following:

- Initial recognition of goodwill (for deferred tax liabilities only)

- Initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction which is not a business combination and which affects neither accounting profit nor taxable profit

- Investments in subsidiaries, branches, associates and joint ventures, but only when certain criteria apply

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realised or the liability is settled based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

A deferred tax asset is recognized for deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary difference can be utilised.

Current and deferred tax is recognized in profit or loss for the period, unless the tax arises from a business combination or a transaction or event that is recognized outside profit or loss, either in other comprehensive income or directly in equity in the same or different period.

19. Derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting Initial recognition and subsequent measurement

Such derivative financial instruments are initially recognized at fair value on the date on which a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently remeasured at fair value.

Derivatives are carried as financial assets when the fair value is positive and as financial liabilities when the fair value is negative.

Any gains or losses arising from changes in the fair value of derivatives are taken directly to profit or loss, except for the effective portion of cash flow hedges, which is recognized in other comprehensive income and later reclassified to profit or loss when the hedge item affects profit or loss.

For the purpose of hedge accounting, hedges are classified as:

Fair value hedges when hedging the exposure to changes in the fair value of a recognized asset or liability or an unrecognized firm commitment.

Cash flow hedges when hedging the exposure to variability in cash flows that is either attributable to a particular risk associated with a recognized asset or liability or a highly probable forecast transaction or the foreign currency risk in an unrecognized firm commitment.

The company does not have any derivatives instruments during the period April 1, 2017 to March 31, 2018.

20. Segment reporting Identification of segments

The Company’s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of services provided with each segment representing strategic business unit that offers different services. The Company is engaged primarily in the business of offshore drilling services. The wind energy division of the Company does not meet the quantitative threshold as per IND AS 108. Accordingly there is no requirement of segment reporting as per the said Accounting Standard.

21. Earnings per share

Basic EPS is calculated by dividing the profit or loss for the period attributable to the equity holders of the parent company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding (including adjustments for bonus and rights issues).

Diluted EPS is calculated by adjusting the profit or loss and the weighted average number of ordinary shares by taking into account the conversion of any dilutive potential ordinary shares.

Basic and diluted EPS are presented in the statement of profit and loss for each class of ordinary shares in accordance with IndAS 33 (Earning per share).

22. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets The Company recognizes a provision when:

- There is a present obligation to transfer economic benefits as a result of past events;

- it is probable (more likely than not) that such a transfer will be required to settle the obligation;

- and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date, measured at the expected cash flows discounted for the time value of money. Provisions are not recognized for future operating losses.

An obligation and any anticipated recovery are presented separately as a liability and an asset respectively; however, an asset is recognized only if it is virtually certain that settlement of the obligation will result in a reimbursement, and the amount recognized for the reimbursement does not exceed the amount of the provision. The amount of any expected reimbursement is disclosed. Net presentation is done only in the income statement.

Management performs an exercise at each balance sheet date to identify the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the balance sheet date, discounted at an appropriate rate. The increase in provision due to the passage of time (that is a consequence of the discount rate) is recognized as borrowing cost.

Contingent liabilities are possible obligations whose existence will be confirmed only on the occurrence or non-occurrence of uncertain future events outside the entity’s control, or present obligations that are not recognized because of the following:

(a) It is not probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or

(b) the amount cannot be measured reliably.

As per Ind AS 37 (Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets), Contingent liabilities, if any, are not recognized but are disclosed and described in the notes to the financial statements, including an estimate of their potential financial effect and uncertainties relating to the amount or timing of any outflow, unless the possibility of settlement is remote.

Contingent assets are possible assets whose existence will be confirmed only on the occurrence or non-occurrence of uncertain future events outside the entity’s control. As per Ind AS 37, Contingent assets, if any, are not recognized but are disclosed and described in the notes to the financial statements, including an estimate of their potential financial effect if the inflow of economic benefits is probable.

23. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of the cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

24. Share based payments

All types of share-based payments and transactions are measured at fair value and recognized over the vesting period in accordance with Ind AS 102. However this is not applicable for equity instruments that vested before date of transition to Ind AS.

25. Events after the reporting period

Dividends proposed or declared for the reporting period but before the financial statements are approved for issue, are not recognized as a liability at the end of the reporting period because no obligation exists at that time.This provision for dividends will be recognized only in the period when the dividend is declared and approved.

26. Related Party Disclosures

All disclosures as specified under Ind AS 24 (Related party disclosures) are made in these Financial Statements in respect of the company’s transactions with related parties.

27. Leases

A lease gives one party (the lessee) the right to use an asset over an agreed period of time in return for payment to the lessor.

Lease contracts entered into by the company are classified as operating leases. Under an operating lease, the lessor does not transfer substantially all of the risks and rewards of ownership.

Under an operating lease, the lessee does not recognize an asset and lease obligation. The rentals paid are normally charged to the income statement of the lessee and credited to that of the lessor on a straight-line basis.

28. Financial Instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized on the Company Balance Sheet when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Financial Assets - Trade receivables

Trade receivables are non-interest-bearing and are recognized initially at fair value, and subsequently at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method, less provision for impairment, if any.

Financial Assets - Investments

Investments consist of investments in equity shares (quoted) and are recognized at fair value through other comprehensive income. Gains and losses arising from changes in fair value are recognized directly in other comprehensive income, until the security is disposed of or is determined to be impaired, at which time the cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in other comprehensive income is included in the income Statement for the period. Dividends, if any, on equity instrument are recognized in the Company Income Statement when the company’s right to receive payment is established.

Loans and advances to customers

Loans and advances are initially recognized at fair value plus directly related transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, these assets are carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method less any impairment losses. Income from these financial assets is calculated on an effective yield basis and is recognized in the Income Statement.

Impairment of loans and advances to customers

At each balance sheet date, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its loans and advances to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss.

If there is objective evidence that an impairment loss on a financial asset or group of financial assets classified as loans and advances has been incurred, the Company measures the amount of the loss as the difference between the carrying amount of the asset or group of assets and the present value of estimated future cash flows from the asset or Company of assets discounted at the effective interest rate of the instrument at initial recognition.

Impairment losses, if any, are recognized in the Income Statement and the carrying amount of the financial asset or Company of financial assets is reduced by establishing an allowance for impairment losses.

If in a subsequent period the amount of the impairment loss reduces and the reduction can be ascribed to an event after the impairment was recognized, the previously recognized loss is reversed by adjusting the allowance. Once an impairment loss has been recognized on a financial asset or Company of financial assets, interest income is recognized on the carrying amount using the rate of interest at which estimated future cash flows were discounted in measuring impairment.

Loan impairment provisions are established taking into account the level of arrears, security, past loss experience, credit scores and defaults based on portfolio trends. The most significant factors in establishing these provisions are the expected loss rates.

Interest-bearing borrowings

Interest-bearing bank loans and overdrafts are initially recorded at fair value, net of attributable transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, interest bearing borrowings are stated at amortized cost with any difference between proceeds and redemption value being recognized in the Income Statement over the period of the borrowings on an effective interest rate basis.

Trade payables

Trade payables are non-interest-bearing and are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method.

Derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting

The Company has not entered into any derivative or hedging transactions.

Offsetting financial instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount reported in the balance sheet only when there is a current legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

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