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moneycontrol.com भारत | लेखांकन नीति > Steel - Medium & Small > लेखांकन नीति फॉलोड से इलेक्ट्रोस्टील स्टील्स - बीएसई: 533264, NSE: ESL

इलेक्ट्रोस्टील स्टील्स

बीएसई: 533264  |  NSE: ESL  |  ISIN: INE481K01013  |  Steel - Medium & Small

खोजें इलेक्ट्रोस्टील स्टील्स कनेक्शन मार्च 17
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '18

Notes forming part of the Financial Statements as at and for the year ended March 31, 2018

1 CORPORATE INFORMATION

Electro steel Steels Limited (ESL or the Company) is a public limited company in India having its registered office at, 801, Uma Shanti Apartments, Kanke Road, Ranchi - 834 008 and is engaged in the manufacture and supply of Wire Rods, TMT Bars, Ductile Iron(DI) Pipes, Billets and also deals in Pig Iron and Iron and Steel Scrap products generated while manufacturing these products. It also produces Metallurgical Coke, Sinter and Power for captive consumption. The Company caters to the needs of construction, automobile, industrial machinery and equipments and water Infrastructure development. The Company''s shares are listed on the National Stock Exchange of India Limited and BSE Limited.

2 BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

i. Statement of Compliance

The Company has adopted Indian Accounting Standards (referred to as Ind AS) notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 (as amended) read with Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) with effect from April 1, 2016 and therefore Ind AS issued, notified and made effective till the financial statements are authorized have been considered for the purpose of preparation of these financial statements.

Accounting Policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued Accounting Standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing Indian Accounting Standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

Financial Statements for the year ended March 31, 2017 and as at March 31, 2017 were audited by previous auditor B. Chhawchharia & Co, Chartered Accountants.

ii. Recent Pronouncements

On March 28, 2018, Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA”) has issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2018 notifying Ind AS 115, Revenue from Contract with Customers and Appendix B to Ind AS 21 Foreign currency transactions and advance consideration which are applicable with effect from financial periods beginning on or after April 1, 2018.

Ind AS 115 - Revenue from Contract with Customers

The standard requires that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Further the standard requires enhanced disclosures about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from the entity''s contracts with customers.

The Company intends to adopt the standard using the modified retrospective approach which means that the cumulative impact of the adoption will be recognized in retained earnings as on April 01, 2018 and that comparatives will not be restated. The effect of this amendment will not have any significant effect on the financial statements of the company.

Ind AS 21 - Appendix B Foreign currency transactions and advance consideration

This Appendix applies to a foreign currency transaction (or part of it) when an entity recognizes a nonmonetary asset or non-monetary liability arising from the payment or receipt of advance consideration before the entity recognizes the related asset, expense or income (or part of it). The effect of this amendment on the financial statements of the company is being evaluated.

The Company intends to adopt the amendments prospectively to items in scope of the appendix that are initially recognized on or after the beginning of the reporting period in which the appendix is first applied (i.e. from April 01, 2018). The effect of this amendment will not have any significant effect on the financial statements of the company.

3 SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

A. Basis of Preparation

The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis except certain financial instruments that are measured in terms of relevant Ind AS at fair values/amortized costs at the end of each reporting period and certain class of Property, Plant and Equipment which on the date of transition have been fair valued to be considered as deemed costs.

Historical cost convention is generally based on the fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Ind AS-1 ''Presentation of Financial Statements'' and Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Having regard to the nature of business being carried out by the Company, the Company has determined its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current and non-current classification.

The Financial Statements are presented in Indian Rupees and all values are rounded off to the nearest two decimal lakhs except otherwise stated.

Fair value measurement

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date undercurrent market conditions.

The Company categorizes assets and liabilities measured at fair value into one of three levels depending on the ability to observe inputs employed for such measurements:

a) Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

b) Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included in inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly for the asset or liability.

c) Level 3: Inputs for the asset or liability which are not based on observable market data.

The Company has an established control framework with respect to the measurement of fair value. This includes a finance team headed by Chief Financial Officer who has overall responsibility for overseeing all significant fair value measurements who regularly reviews significant unobservable inputs, valuation adjustments and fair value hierarchy under which the valuation should be classified.

B. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT (PPE)

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost of acquisition, construction and subsequent improvements thereto less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. For this purpose cost includes deemed cost on the date of transition and comprises purchase price of assets or its construction cost including inward freight, duties and taxes (net of cenvat availed) and other expenses related to acquisition or installation and any cost directly attributable to bringing the assets into the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended for its use.

Expenditure directly attributable on implementation of the project prior to commencement of commercial production of the respective plant facility, are classified as Project Development Expenditure and disclosed under Capital Work-in-Progress (net of income earned During the project development stage).

Parts of an item of PPE having different useful lives and material value and subsequent expenditure on Property, Plant and Equipment arising on account of capital improvement or other factors are accounted for as separate components.

The cost of replacing part of an item of property, plant and equipment is recognized in the carrying amount of the item if it is probable that the future economic benefits embodied within the part will flow to the Company and its cost can be measured reliably. The costs of the day-to-day servicing of property, plant and equipment are recognized in the income statement when incurred. Assets to be disposed off are reported at the lower of the carrying value or the fair value less cost to sell.

Capital work in progress includes Project Development expenditure, equipment to be installed, construction and erection costs, etc. Such items are classified to the appropriate categories when completed and ready for its intended use.

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation on PPE except otherwise stated, is provided as per Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 on straight line method over the estimated useful lives. Certain Plant and Machinery have been considered Continuous Process Plant on the basis of technical assessment. Depreciation on up gradation of Property, Plant and Equipment is provided over the remaining life of the mother plant/ Property, Plant and Equipment.

Pipe Moulds of 350 MM and above are depreciated over a period of three years. Other such moulds are charged to consumption in the year of issue.

Machinery Spares which can be used only in connection with an item of tangible Fixed Asset and whose use are expected to be irregular, are amortized over the useful life of the respective tangible fixed assets and the amount amortized is included under stores and spares consumed.

Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed, and adjusted as appropriate, at each reporting date.

C. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition/deemed cost on transition date, comprising of purchase price inclusive of taxes and duties (net of cenvat) less accumulated amortization and impairment losses.

Accordingly, cost of computer software are amortized over the useful life using straight line method over a period of 3-5 years.

Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values and are reviewed, and adjusted as appropriate, at each reporting date.

D. DE-RECOGNITION OFTANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

An item of PPE is de-recognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from its use or disposal. Gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of PPE is determined as the difference between the sales proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

E. LEASES

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership of an asset to the Company. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

Finance leases are capitalized at the inception of the lease at lower of its fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is recognized for an equivalent amount. Any initial direct costs of the lessee are added to the amount recognized as an asset. Each lease payments are apportioned between finance charge and reduction of the lease liability. The finance charge is allocated to each period During the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding amount of the liabilities

Payments made under operating leases are recognized as expenses on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease unless the lease arrangements are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation or another systematic basis which is more representative of the time pattern of the benefits availed Contingent rentals, if any, arising under operating leases are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

F. IMPAIRMENT OF TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Tangible and Intangible assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for impairment. In case events and circumstances indicate any impairment, recoverable amount of assets is determined. An impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss, whenever the carrying amount of assets either belonging to Cash Generating Unit (CGU) or otherwise exceeds recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of assets'' fair value less cost to disposal and its value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows from the use of the assets are discounted to their present value at appropriate rate.

Impairment losses recognized earlier may no longer exist or may have come down. Based on such assessment at each reporting period the impairment loss is reversed and recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. In such cases the carrying amount of the asset is increased to the lower of its recoverable amount and the carrying amount that have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

G. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Financial assets and financial liabilities (financial instruments) are recognized when Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments.

Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The financial assets and financial liabilities are classified as current if they are expected to be realized or settled within operating cycle of the company or otherwise these are classified as non-current.

The classification of financial instruments whether to be measured at Amortized Cost, at Fair Value Through Profit and Loss (FVTPL) or at Fair Value Through Other Comprehensive Income (FVTOCI) depends on the objective and contractual terms to which they relate. Classification of financial instruments are determined on initial recognition.

i. Cash and cash equivalents

All highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into determinable amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value and are having original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, are considered as cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents includes balances with banks which are unrestricted for withdrawal and usage.

ii. Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities measured at amortized cost

Financial Assets held within a business whose objective is to hold these assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding are measured at amortized cost.

The above Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities subsequent to initial recognition are measured at amortized cost using Effective Interest Rate (EIR) method.

The effective interest rate is the rate that discounts estimated future cash payments or receipts (including all fees and points paid or received, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the Financial Asset or Financial Liability to the gross carrying amount of the financial asset or to the amortized cost of financial liability, or, where appropriate, a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

iii. Financial Asset at Fair Value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVTOCI)

Financial assets are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if these financial assets are held within business whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. Subsequent to initial recognition, they are measured at fair value and changes therein are recognized directly in other comprehensive income.

iv. For the purpose of para (ii) and (iii) above, principal is the fair value of the financial asset at initial recognition and interest consists of consideration for the time value of money and associated credit risk.

v. Financial Assets or Liabilities at Fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)

Financial Instruments which does not meet the criteria of amortized cost or fair value through other comprehensive income are classified as Fair Value through Profit or loss. These are recognized at fair value and changes therein are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

vi. Derivative and Hedge Accounting

The company enters into derivative financial instruments such as foreign exchange forward and option contracts to mitigate the risk of changes in foreign exchange rates in respect of financial instruments and forecasted cash flows denominated in certain foreign currencies. The Company uses hedging instruments which provide principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with the risk management strategy of the Company. The hedge instruments are designated and documented as hedges and effectiveness of hedge instruments to reduce the risk associated with the exposure being hedged is assessed and measured at inception and on an ongoing basis.

Any derivative that is either not designated as a hedge, or is so designated but is ineffective per Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, is categorized as a financial asset, at fair value through profit or loss. Transaction costs attributable to the same are also recognized in statement of profit and loss. Changes in the fair value of the derivative hedging instrument designated as a fair value hedge are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Changes in the fair value of the derivative hedging instrument designated as a cash flow hedge are recognized in other comprehensive income and presented within equity as cash flow hedging reserve to the extent that the hedge is effective.

If the hedging instrument no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, expires or is sold, terminated or exercised, then hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively. Any gain or loss recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity till that time remains and thereafter to the extent hedge accounting being discontinued is recognized in Statement of Profit & Loss. When a forecasted transaction is no longer expected to occur, the cumulative gain or loss accumulated in equity is transferred to the statement of profit and loss.

vii. Impairment of financial assets

A financial asset is assessed for impairment at each balance sheet date. A financial asset is considered to be impaired if objective evidence indicates that one or more events have had a negative effect on the estimated future cash flows of that asset.

The company measures the loss allowance for a financial assets at an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses if the credit risk on that financial instrument has increased significantly since initial recognition. If the credit risk on a financial instrument has not increased significantly since initial recognition, the company measures the loss allowance for that financial instrument at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses.

However, for trade receivables or contract assets that result in relation to revenue from contracts with customers, the company measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses.

viii. Derecognition of financial instruments

The Company derecognizes a financial asset ora group of financial assets when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or when it transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another party.

On derecognition of a financial asset, the difference between the asset''s carrying amount and the sum of the consideration received and receivable are recognized in statement of profit and loss.

On derecognition of assets measured at FVTOCI the cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in other comprehensive income is reclassified from equity to profit or loss as a reclassification adjustment.

Financial liabilities are derecognized if the Company''s obligations specified in the contract expire or are discharged or cancelled. The difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability derecognized and the consideration paid and payable is recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss.

H. INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of the cost or net realizable value. Cost of inventories is ascertained on ''weighted average'' basis. Materials and other supplies held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Cost in respect of raw materials and stores and spares includes expenses incidental to procurement of the same. Cost in respect of finished goods represents prime cost, and includes appropriate portion of overheads and excise duty.

Provision are made at the rate of 100% for unserviceable, slow-moving and obsolete stores for stores and spares not moved for two years.

I. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transactions. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transaction. The loss or gain thereon and also on the exchange differences on settlement of the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expense in the statement of Profit and Loss account. Foreign exchange gain/loss to the extent considered as an adjustment to Interest Cost are considered as part of borrowing cost.

J. EQUITY SHARE CAPITAL

An equity instrument is a contract that evidences residual interest in the assets of the company after deducting all of its liabilities. Par value of the equity shares is recorded as share capital and the amount received in excess of par value is classified as Securities Premium.

Costs directly attributable to the issue of ordinary shares are recognized as a deduction from equity, net of any tax effects.

K. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of obligation. Provisions are not recognized for future operating losses. The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation.

Contingent liabilities are not recognized and disclosed by way of notes to the financial statements when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or when there is a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the same or a reliable estimate of the amount in this respect cannot be made.

Contingent Assets are not recognized but disclosed in the financial statement by way of notes when inflow of economic benefit is probable.

L. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

Employee benefits are accrued in the year in which services are rendered by the employee.

Short-term Employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which services are rendered.

Contribution to defined contribution plans such as Provident Fund etc. is being made in accordance with the statute and are recognized as and when incurred.

Contribution to defined benefit plans consisting of contribution to gratuity are determined at close of the year at present value of the amount payable using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gain and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in other comprehensive income.

Other long term employee benefits consisting of Leave encashment are determined at close of the year at present value of the amount payable using actuarial valuation techniques. The changes in the amount payable including actuarial gain or loss are recognized in the Statement of Profit or Loss.

M. REVENUE RECOGNITION

i. Sale of Goods

Revenue is recognized at the fair value of consideration received or receivable when the significant risk and rewards of goods ownership have been transferred and the amount thereof can be measured reliably. This represents the net invoice value of goods supplied to third parties after deducting discounts, volume rebates and taxes and duties collected on behalf of third parties.

ii. INTEREST, DIVIDEND AND CLAIMS

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive payment is established. Interest has been accounted using effective interest rate method. Insurance claims/ other claims are accounted as and when admitted/settled.

iii. EXPORT BENEFITS

Export benefits arising on account of entitlement for duty free imports are accounted for through import of materials. Other export benefits are accounted for as and when the ultimate realisibility of such benefits are established.

N. BORROWING COST

Borrowing cost comprises of interest and other costs incurred in connection with the borrowing of the funds. All borrowing costs are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss using the effective interest method except to the extent attributable to qualifying Property Plant Equipment (PPE) which are capitalized to the cost of the related assets. A qualifying PPE is an asset, that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Borrowing cost also includes exchange differences to the extent considered as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

O. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research and development cost (other than cost of fixed assets acquired) are charged as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

P. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

Government grants are recognized on systematic basis when there is reasonable certainty of realization of the same. Revenue grants including subsidy/rebates are credited to Statement of Profit and Loss Account under Other Income or deducted from the related expenses for the period to which these are related. Grants which are meant for purchase, construction or otherwise acquire non current assets are recognized as Deferred Income and disclosed under Non Current Liabilities and transferred to Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic basis over the useful life of the respective asset. Grants relating to non-depreciable assets is transferred to Statement of Profit and Loss over the periods that bear the cost of meeting the obligations related to such grants.

Q. TAXES ON INCOME

Income tax expense representing the sum of current tax expenses and the net charge of the deferred taxes is recognized in the income statement except to the extent that it relates to items recognized directly in equity or other comprehensive income.

Current income tax is provided on the taxable income and recognized at the amount expected to be paid to or recovered from the tax authorities, using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

Deferred tax is recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the Financial Statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are generally recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilized.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset realized, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

Deferred tax assets include Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) measured in accordance with the tax laws in India, which is likely to give future economic benefits in the form of availability of set off against future income tax liability and such benefits can be measured reliably and it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with asset will be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilized.

R. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

S. SEGMENT REPORTING

Operating segments are identified and reported taking into account the different risk and return, organization structure and the internal reporting provided to the chief-operating decision maker. The chief operating decision maker, who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments allocates resources and assess the operating activities, financial results, forecasts, or plans for the segment.

4 CRITICAL ACCOUNTING JUDGMENTS, ASSUMPTIONS AND KEY SOURCES OF ESTIMATION AND UNCERTAINTY

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the measurement principle of Ind AS requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions. These estimates, judgments and assumptions affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses During the period. Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known /materialized and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

Application of accounting policies that require significant areas of estimation, uncertainty and critical judgments and the use of assumptions in the financial statements have been disclosed below. The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the balance sheet date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets and liabilities within the next financial year are discussed below:

a) Going Concern assumption and status of Financial Liabilities consequent to Approval of Resolution Plan (ARP)

As indicated in Note no. 42 of the financial statements, in view of the Order of the Hon''ble NCLT as upheld by Hon''ble NCLAT and considering the various steps under implementation in terms thereof, the financial statements has been prepared on a Going Concern basis. Adjustments consequent to ARP has been considered to be non-adjusting event and status of financial and operational creditors has been kept unchanged and provisions/liabilities have been recognized as admitted as per the policy and principles followed earlier. The related figures and status will undergo changes on giving effect to adjustment as per ARP.

b) Arrangement contain leases and classification of leases

The Company enters into service/hiring arrangements for various assets/services. The determination of lease and classification of the service / hiring arrangement as a finance lease or operating lease is based on an assessment of several factors, including, but not limited to, transfer of ownership of leased asset at end of lease term, lessee''s option to purchase and estimated certainty of exercise of such option, proportion of lease term to the asset''s economic life, proportion of present value of minimum lease payments to fair value of leased asset and extent of specialized nature of the leased asset.

c) Depreciation / Amortization of and impairment loss on property, plant and equipment / intangible assets.

Property, plant and equipment and intangible assets are depreciated/amortized on straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives (or lease term if shorter) in accordance with Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013, taking into account the estimated residual value, wherever applicable. The useful lives and residual value of the assets are determined by the management when the asset is acquired and reviewed periodically including at each financial year end. The lives are based on technical evaluation, technological obsolencesand historical experience with similar assets as well as anticipation of future events, which may impact their lives.

The company reviews its carrying value of its Tangible and Intangible Assets whenever there is objective evidence that the assets are impaired. The required level of impairment losses to be made is estimated by reference to the estimated value in use or recoverable amount. In such situation Assets'' recoverable amount is estimated which is higher of asset''s or cash generating units (CGU) fair value less cost of disposal and its value in use. In assessing value in use the estimated future cash flows are discounted using pre-tax discount rate which reflect the current assessment of time value of money. In determining fair value less cost of disposal, recent market realizations are considered or otherwise in absence of such transactions appropriate valuations are adopted.

Accordingly based on the review for impairment carried out, the loss on account of the same has been recognized in the financial statements which may undergo change subsequently depending upon the change in financial position and related assumptions. Details of carrying values and impairment charge and the assumptions used are disclosed in Note no. 5.6.

d) Impairment loss on trade receivables

The Company evaluates whether there is any objective evidence that trade receivables are impaired and determines the amount of impairment loss as a result of the inability of the debtors to make required payments. The Company bases the estimates on the ageing of the trade receivables balance, credit-worthiness of the trade receivables and historical write-off experience. If the financial conditions of the trade receivable were to deteriorate, actual write-offs would be higher than estimated.

e) Income taxes

Significant judgment is required in determination of taxability of certain income and deductibility of certain expenses During the estimation of the provision for income taxes.

In assessing readability of deferred tax assets, the company considering the extent to which it is probable that the deferred tax assets will be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the future taxable profits During the period in which those temporary differences and tax loss carry forward becomes deductible.

Accordingly, since the Company has significant amount of unused tax credits, as a matter of prudence recognition of deferred tax assets has not been carried out.

f) Insurance Claim and Liquidated damages

Claims including Insurance claims are accounted for on determination of certainty of realization thereof. Liquidated damages and penalties from the vendors are accounted for if balances are available in Supplier''s/ Contractor''s Account, in accordance with the terms of agreement for loss of opportunity/profit by the company due to delay in completion of Supply/Service.

g) Provisions and Contingencies

Provisions and liabilities are recognized in the period when it becomes probable that there will be a future outflow of funds resulting from past operations or events and the amount of cash outflow can be reliably estimated. The timing of recognition and quantification of the liability requires the application of judgment to existing facts and circumstances, which can be subject to change.

Management judgment is required for estimating the possible outflow of resources, if any, in respect of contingencies/claim/litigations/ against the Company as it is not possible to predict the outcome of pending matters with accuracy.

The carrying amounts of provisions and liabilities and estimation/disclosures for contingencies and status thereof for the reasons stated in Note no.42 have been kept unchanged.

h) Defined benefit obligation (DBO)

Critical estimate of the DBO involves a number of critical underlying assumptions such as standard rates of inflation, mortality, discount rate, anticipation of future salary increases etc. as estimated by Independent Actuary appointed for this purpose by the Management. Variation in these assumptions may significantly impact the DBO amount and the annual defined benefit expenses.

5.1 Gross block includes certain property, plant and equipment i.e. freehold land which have been valued on April 01,2015 i.e. the date of transition by an Independent Valuer and considered as deemed cost resulting in increase in value thereof by Rs. 17,355.54 lakhs.

5.2 Gross book value of Railway siding includes Rs. 120,70.19 lakhs as on March 31, 2018 (March 31, 2017: Rs 12,070.19 lakhs), incurred for construction of Railway siding ownership of which does not vest with the company.

5.3 Other adjustments includes Rs. 818.26 lakhs (March 31,2017: Rs. Nil) being interest and Rs. 194.05 lakhs (March 31, 2017: Rs.Nil) being other project development expenditure allocated and transferred to Capitalized Assets from Project Development Expenditure. (Refer Note no. 6.1 below)

5.4 Freehold land and Land developments includes 229.43 acres amounting to Gross Block of Rs. 1,615.99 lakh (Previous year 229.43 acres amounting to Gross Block of Rs. 1,615.99 lakh) is pending execution registration thereof.

5.5 Property, Plant and Equipments includes addition of Rs. 5,312.98 lakhs relating to capital expenditure incurred and carried forward as capital work in progress in respect of assets capitalized in earlier years.

5.6 As indicated in Note no. 42, the Company incurred significant amount of losses, it''s current liabilities became in excess of current assets and net worth got eroded. Keeping in view these indicators and circumstances stated in the said note, the Company has carried out the Impairment testing determining the recoverable amount of the assets based on Value in Use of the cash generating unit, the same being higher than fair value less costs of disposal determined based on the transaction price in terms of the approved resolution plan. The computation of Value in Use has been carried out by an Independent Valuer appointed in this respect.

The entire Steel manufacturing facility consisting of Dl Pipe, Wire Rod, TMT Bar, Steel Billets and Pig Iron has been considered as a single unit for arriving at the value in use. This has been estimated as per the Discounted Cash Flow method based on future projections and assumptions. The pre-tax discount rate used for value in use is 12.20%.

The recoverable amount of the CGU was determined to be Rs.6,08,186.00 lakhs as at March 31, 2018 creating an impairment of Rs. 5,11,193.01 lakhs disclosed as exceptional item in statement of profit and loss.

5.7 Refer note. No. 20 and 23 of the financial statements in respect of charge created on Property, Plant and Equipments against borrowings.

6.1 Project Development Expenditure

The Company''s Integrated Steel & Dl Pipe Plant in the State of Jharkhand, India, could not be fully constructed and operated at full capacity. A part of plant facility had already commenced production in earlier years and accordingly the installation of balance plant and equipments and other facilities mainly consisting of one Blast furnace, Horizontal Coke Oven batteries and related plants, equipments and facilities had to be suspended. The balance proportionate Interest and other expenditure directly attributable to the plant under construction & erection continues to be accounted as ''Project Development Expenditure'' under ''Capital Work-in-Progress'' pending allocation thereof to Property, Plant and Equipments on completion of the project/assets. Capital work in progress includes Rs. 97,710.53 Lakhs (March 31, 2017: Rs. 1,073,82.02 lakhs), in respect of plant and equipment and other facilities to be installed and following project development expenditure.

6.2 Refer note. No. 20 and 23 of the financial statements in respect of charge created on Capital Work in Progress against borrowings.

12.1 Refer note. No. 20 and 23 of the financial statements in respect of charge created on Inventories against borrowings.

12.2 Stores and Spares stock includes stock of Dl Pipe Mould of size 350 mm and above amounting to Rs. 773.51 lakhs (March 31, 2017: Rs.1,616.02 lakhs).

18.3 The Company has one class of shares referred to as Equity Shares having a par value of Rs. 10/-. Each Holder of Equity Shares is entitled to one vote per share. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the equity shareholders will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts in proportion of their shareholding.

18.4 Also refer Note no. 42, the adjustments and disclosures in this respect are without giving effect to Hon''ble NCLT Order, the same being considered to be non-adjusting events, due to reasons stated in said note.

19.1 Refer Statement of changes in equity for movement in balances of reserves.

19.2 Securities Premium Reserve

Securities Premium Reserve represents the amount received in excess of par value of securities and is available for utilization as specified under Section 52 of Companies Act, 2013.

19.3 Retained Earnings

Retained earnings generally represents the undistributed profit/ amount of accumulated earnings of the company. This includes Rs, 17,355.54 lakhs (March 31, 2017: Rs, 17,355.54 lakhs) represented by changes in carrying amount of Freehold Land being measured at fair value and considered as deemed cost as on the date of transition to Ind AS and Other Comprehensive Income of (Rs, 223.35 lakhs) (March 31, 2017: (Rs, 131.11 lakhs)) relating to remeasurement of defined benefit plans which cannot be reclassified to Statement of Profit and Loss.

20.1 Security

(1) The entire borrowings from lenders banks amounting to Rs. 8,57,280.64 lakhs and Rs. 46,483.21 lakhs (included in from others i.e. HUDCOand Life Insurance Corporation of India) are secured by:

(a) first ranking pari passu charge by way of mortgage/hypothecation of all immovable and movable properties (including fixed assets, plant & machinery, tools & accessories etc.), current assets (including inventory and book debts), present and future and assignment overall of Company''s bank accounts;

(b) pledge of 866,750,000 Equity Shares of the Company held by Electrosteel Castings Ltd (ECL);

(c) pledge of 517,000 Equity Shares of the Company held by Mr. Umang Kejriwal;

(d) pledge of 32,675,270 Equity Shares of ECL held by G.K. Investments Ltd. and Murari Investments & Trading Company Ltd. and

(e) personal guarantee of Mr. Umang Kejriwal and Ms. Radha Kinkari Kejriwal.

(2) The loan of Rs. 42,976.77 lakhs of SREI Infrastructure Finance Ltd included from other is secured by:

(a) second pari passu charge by way of hypothecation of all movable assets (including receivables and intangibles), present and future;

(b) second charge on all rights, titles and interest in all assets of the Project, letter of credit/guarantee/ performance bond provided in respect of the Project and all Project documents, Contracts, Insurance Policies etc; and

(c) first charge by way of mortgage of land with factory building situated at Elavur owned by ECL.

(3) The loan of Rs. 1,895.72 lakhs from IL&FS Financial Services Ltd included from other is secured by

(a) second ranking pari passu charge by way of mortgage/hypothecation of all assets mentioned in 20.1(1)(a) above;

(b) pledge of Shares as mentioned in 20.1(1)(b) to 20.1(1)(d) above ranking subservient to the pledge already created as above; and

(c) personal guarantees as mentioned in 20.1(1)(e) above.

20.2 The applicable rate of interest on the above term loans During the year as per the CDR are -

(a) FITL from all lenders carries interest @ 10.75% p.a.

(b) Additional Term Loan from all lenders carries interest @ 11.00% p.a.

(c) Restructured term loan carries interest @ 10.75% p.a. up to 29th February 2016 and @11% p.a. effective from 1st March 2016.

(d) The interest on the term loans due from a non-CDR Iender(SREI) has been provided in line with the CDR terms as approved by the CDR-EG.

20.3 The Company was referred by the lenders to the Corporate Debt Restructuring (CDR) Cell in the financial year 2013-2014. The CDR Empowered Group (CDR EG) Cell vide its Letterof Approval dated 28 September 2013 had approved a package to restructure/reschedule the Company''s Debt and provide additional facilities. The Master Restructuring Agreement had been executed between the Company and the concerned lenders on 20 January 2014. The borrowings from non-CDR lenders (viz. HUDCO, IL & FS and SREI, appearing underthe head ''From Others'') had also been restructured bilaterally in line with CDR guidelines subject to certain modifications. The terms and conditions in respect of borrowings including interest, security etc. are disclosed in accordance with approved CDR Package. As stated in Note no. 42, the company was in breach of covenants as agreed upon in terms of the loan agreement. Accordingly, State Bank of India, in it''s capacity as financial creditors filed a petition under IBC, therefore the entire borrowings have been disclosed under Current maturities of long term debt-Secured. The adjustments and disclosures in this respect are without giving effect to Hon''ble NCLT Order, the same being considered as non-adjusting event, due to reasons stated in said note.

The above sensitivity analysis is based on a change in assumption while holding all other assumption constant. In practice, this is unlikely to occur, and changes in some of the assumption may be co-related. When calculating the sensitivity of the defined benefit obligations to significant actuarial assumptions the same method (projected unit credit method) has been applied as when calculating the defined benefit obligations recognized in the balance sheet.

स्रोत: रेलीगरे टेचनोवा

न्यूज़ फ़्लैश

  • MARKET CUES : FIIs ने कैश में `995 Cr की बिकवाली की
  • MARKET CUES : DIIs ने कैश में `853 Cr की बिकवाली की
  • MARKET CUES : FIIs ने F&O में `729 Cr की खरीदारी की
  • MARKET CUES : इंडेक्स फ्यूचर्स में `1002 Cr की खरीदारी
  • MARKET CUES : इंडेक्स ऑप्शंस में `922 Cr की खरीदारी
  • MARKET CUES : स्टॉक फ्यूचर्स में `1176 Cr की बिकवाली
  • ENTERS IN F&O BAN : SAIL के F&O में नई पोजीशन पर रोक
  • STILL IN F&O BAN : EQUITAS, BHEL, GLENMARK, I-BULLS HSG
  • JEFFERIES ON ICICI BANK : Buy रेटिंग, लक्ष्य `460/Sh
  • CLSA ON ICICI BANK : Buy रेटिंग, लक्ष्य `480/Sh

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