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moneycontrol.com भारत | लेखांकन नीति > Retail > लेखांकन नीति फॉलोड से इंटरासॉफ्ट टेक्नॉलजीस - बीएसई: 533181, NSE: ISFT

इंटरासॉफ्ट टेक्नॉलजीस

बीएसई: 533181  |  NSE: ISFT  |  ISIN: INE566K01011  |  Retail

खोजें इंटरासॉफ्ट टेक्नॉलजीस कनेक्शन मार्च 17
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '18

1 general information

a) IntraSoft Technologies Limited (''the Company'') is a public limited company domiciled in India and registered under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The Company is listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange of India Limited and is engaged in internet based delivery of services.

The Standalone Financial Statements for the year ended 31 March 2018 were approved for issue by the Board of Directors on 28 May 2018.

b) Statement of compliance

These standalone financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (''Ind AS'') under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values, the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (''the Act'') (to the extent notified) and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (''SEBI''). The Ind AS are prescribed under Section 133 of the Act read with Rule 3 of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 (as amended ).

For all periods up to and including the year ended 31 March 2017, the Company has prepared its standalone financial statements in accordance with accounting standards notified under the section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (Previous GAAP). These standalone financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2018 are the first which the Company has prepared in accordance with Ind AS (see note 34 for explanation for transition to Ind AS). For the purpose of comparatives, the standalone financial statements for the year ended 31 March 2017 are also prepared under Ind AS.

The Company has adopted all the Ind AS and the adoptions were carried out in accordance with Ind AS 101 First time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards. The transition was carried out from Indian Accounting Principles generally accepted in India as prescribed under section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, which was the previous GAAP. Reconciliations and descriptions of the effect due to the transition has been summarized in note 34.

Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly-issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in accounting policy hitherto in use.

2 BASIS OF PREPARATION

a) The standalone financial statements have been prepared on going concern basis under the historical cost basis except for certain financial assets and liabilities which are measured at fair value.

b) Recent accounting pronouncements

Information on new standards, amendments and interpretations that are expected to be relevant to the standalone financial statements is provided below.

Ministry of Corporate Affairs vide notification dated 28 March 2018, has issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendments Rules, 2018. These amendment rules are effective from 1 April 2018.

Ind AS 115, Revenue from contracts with customers

With the notification of Ind AS 115, Ind AS 18 - Revenue have been withdrawn from the financial year beginning 1 April 2018 onwards and consequential amendments have also been made in other standards.

Ind AS 115 promotes to create a single model for revenue recognition for contracts. It applies to most revenue arrangements. Among other things, it changes the criteria for determining whether revenue is recognized at a point in time or over time. It provides a new contract-based five-step revenue model for revenue recognition and measurement. Ind AS 115 provides more detailed guidance on specific topics where existing revenue standards (Ind AS 18) are lacking such as multiple element arrangements, variable consideration, sale with a right to return, licensing arrangements etc. The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and its impact on the standalone financial statements.

Appendix B Foreign currency transactions and advance consideration to Ind AS 21

Appendix B is inserted to Ind AS 21 - The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. This appendix addresses the issue of determining the date of transaction for initial recognition of a foreign currency transactions (or part of it) under Ind AS 21, when an entity recognizes a non-monetary asset or a non-monetary liability arising from the payment or receipt of advance consideration before the entity recognizes the related asset, expense or income or part of it. It clarified that the date of the transaction for the purpose of determining the exchange rate to use on initial recognition related asset, expense or income or part of it is the date on which an entity initially recognizes the non-monetary asset or a non-monetary liability arising from the payment or receipt of advance consideration in foreign currency. The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and its impact on the standalone financial statements.

3 USE OF ESTIMATES

a) The preparation of the standalone financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the standalone financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for income taxes, classification of assets and liabilities into current and non-current and the useful lives of tangible and intangible assets. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

b) critical accounting estimates and judgments

The following are significant management judgments in applying the accounting policies of the Company that have the most significant effect on the standalone financial statements.

Evaluation of indicators for impairment of assets

The evaluation of applicability of indicators of impairment of assets requires assessment of several external and internal factors which could result in deterioration of recoverable amount of the assets.

Income taxes

The Company''s tax jurisdiction is in India. Significant judgments are involved in determining the provision for income taxes including amounts expected to be paid or recovered for uncertain tax positions. Refer note 24.

Useful lives of depreciable or amortizable assets

Management reviews its estimate of the useful lives of depreciable or amortizable assets at each reporting date, based its expected utility of those assets. Uncertainties in these estimates relate to technical and economic 116 obsolescence that may change the utility of certain items of property, plant and equipment.

Measurement of defined benefit obligation (DBO)

The costs of post-employment benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in accordance with Ind AS 19 ''Employee benefits'' over the period during which benefit is derived from the employees'' services. The costs are assessed on the basis of assumptions selected by the management. These assumptions include salary escalation rate, discount rates, expected rate of return on assets and mortality rates. The same is disclosed in note 20.

Fair value measurements

When the fair values of financials assets and financial liabilities recorded in the Balance Sheet cannot be measured based on quoted prices in active markets, their fair value is measured using valuation techniques, including the discounted cash flow model, which involve various judgments and assumptions. Refer note 30 for details.

Provisions and liabilities

Provisions and liabilities are recognized in the period when it becomes probable that there will be a future outflow of funds resulting from past operations or events that can reasonably be estimated. The timing of recognition requires application of judgments to existing facts and circumstances which may be subject to change. The amounts are determined by discounting the expected future cash flows at a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability.

contingencies

i n the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigation and other claims against the Company. Potential liabilities that are possible but not probable of crystalising or are very difficult to quantify reliably are treated as contingent liabilities. Such liabilities are disclosed in the notes but are not recognized.

4 THE STANDALONE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS HAVE BEEN PREPARED USING THE ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND MEASUREMENT BASIS SUMMARIZED BELOW.

(a) Overall considerations

The standalone financial statements have been prepared using the significant accounting policies and measurement basis that are in effect at 31 March 2017, as summarized below.

(b) current versus non-current classification

The Company presents assets and liabilities in the balance sheet based on current or non-current classification.

Foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities are translated into the relevant functional currency at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Non-monetary items denominated in a foreign currency which are carried at historical cost are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or any other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the fair values were determined.

Exchange differences arising on monetary items on settlement, or restatement as at reporting date, at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded, are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(d) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and it can be reliably measured. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received/receivable net of rebate and taxes. The Company applies the revenue recognition criteria to each separately identifiable component of the sales transaction as set out below.

Sale of services

Revenue from services consists of revenue earned from contracts or agreements with the related parties, which are recognized as and when related services are performed and when no significant uncertainty exists regarding the collectability of revenue.

Interest income

Interest income is recognized using the effective interest rate (EIR) method.

Dividend income

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive payment is established.

(e) property, plant and equipment Recognition:

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Costs directly attributable to acquisition are capitalised until the property, plant and equipment are ready for use, as intended by the management.

Subsequent measurement (depreciation and useful lives):

The Company depreciates property, plant and equipment on a pro-rata basis over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method. The estimated useful lives of

An asset is classified as current when:

- it is expected to realize the asset, or intends to sell or consume it, in its normal operating cycle;

- i t is held the asset primarily for the purpose of trading;

- i t is expected to realize the asset within twelve months after the reporting period; or

- the asset is cash or a cash equivalent (as defined in Ind AS 7) unless the asset is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is classified as current when:

- it expects to settle the liability in its normal operating cycle;

- i t holds the liability primarily for the purpose of trading;

- the liability is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period; or

- i t does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as noncurrent assets and non-current liabilities, as the case may be.

Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

(c) Foreign currency

Functional and presentation currency

The standalone financial statements are presented in Indian Rupee (''INR'') which is also the functional and presentation currency of the Company.

Transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the functional currency, by applying to the exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, from the date that they are available for use. The estimated useful life of an identifiable intangible asset is based on a number of factors, including the effects of obsolescence, demand, competition and other economic factors (such as stability of the industry and know technological advances) and the level of maintenance expenditures required to obtain the future cash flows from the asset. Residual value, useful lives and amortization method are reviewed annually and, if expectations differ from previous estimates, the change is accounted for as a change in accounting estimate on a prospective basis.

Transition to Ind AS

Upon first-time adoption of Ind AS, the Company has elected to measure all its intangible assets recognized as at 1 April 2016, as per the previous GAAP, and used the carrying amount as its deemed cost on the date of transition to Ind AS.

(g) Impairment of non-financial assets

At the end of each reporting period, the company reviews the carrying amounts of its tangible and intangible assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. Where a reasonable and consistent basis of allocation can be identified, corporate assets are also allocated to individual cash-generating units, or otherwise they are allocated to the smallest group of cash-generating units for which a reasonable and consistent allocation basis can be identified.

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation decrease.

The Company reviews the residual value, useful lives and depreciation method annually and, if expectations differ from previous estimates, the change is accounted for as a change in accounting estimate on a prospective basis.

Advances paid towards the acquisition property, plant and equipment outstanding as at each balance sheet date is classified as capital advance under other noncurrent assets and the cost of assets not put to use before such date are disclosed under Capital work-in-progress. Subsequent expenditures relating to property, plant and equipment are capitalized only when it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with these will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. Repairs and maintenance costs are recognized in net profit in the Statement of Profit and Loss when incurred. The cost and related accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the financial statements upon sale or upon retirement of the asset and resultant gains or losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

De-recognition:

An item of property, plant and equipment and any significant part initially recognized is de-recognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on de-recognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is recognized in the standalone Statement of Profit and Loss, when the asset is de-recognized.

Transition to Ind AS

Upon first-time adoption of Ind AS, the Company has elected to measure all its property, plant and equipment recognized as at 1 April 2016, as per the previous GAAP, and used the carrying amount as its deemed cost on the date of transition to Ind AS.

(f) Intangible assets

intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. They are amortized over

Financial assets

Initial recognition and measurement:

All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value plus, in the case of financial assets not recorded at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL), transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset.

However, trade receivables that do not contain a significant financing component are measured at transaction price.

Subsequent measurement:

For subsequent measurement, the Company classifies a financial asset in accordance with the below criteria:

- The Company''s business model for managing the financial asset and,

- The contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

Financial assets carried at amortized cost - A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows, and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income - A financial asset is subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial assets give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. Further in cases where the Company has made an irrevocable election based on its business model, for its investments which are classified as equity instruments, the subsequent changes in fair value are recognized in other comprehensive income.

This category applies to investments by the Company in debt instruments. Such financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value at each reporting date. Fair value changes are recognized in the Other Comprehensive Income (OCI). However, the Company recognizes interest income and impairment losses and its reversals in the Statement of Profit and Loss. On Derecognition of such financial assets, cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from equity to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Where an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or a cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset (or cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal of the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation increase.

(h) Financial instruments classification:

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories depending on the Company''s business model for managing such financial assets and the contractual cash flow terms of the asset:

(i) t hose to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through profit or loss), and

(ii) those subsequently measured at amortized cost.

For assets measured at fair value, gains or losses are either recorded in the Statement of Profit and Loss or other comprehensive income. Investments in debt instruments are classified depending on the business model managing such investments. The Company re-classifies the debt investments when and only when there is a change in business model managing those assets.

Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through statement of profit and loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Measurement:

At initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset (other than those carried at fair value through profit or loss) at its fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when they are incurred.

- Cash flows from the sale of collateral held or other credit enhancements that are integral to the contractual terms.

Trade receivables

i n respect of trade receivables, the Company applies the simplified approach of Ind AS 109, which requires measurement of loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses. Lifetime expected credit losses are the expected credit losses that result from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial instrument.

Lifetime ECL are the expected credit losses resulting from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial asset. 12-month ECL area portion of the lifetime ECL which result from default events that are possible within 12 months from the reporting date. ECL are measured in a manner that they reflect unbiased and probability weighted amounts determined by a range of outcomes, taking into account the time value of money and other reasonable information available as a result of past events, current conditions and forecasts of future economic conditions.

Other financial assets

I n respect of its other financial assets, the Company assesses if the credit risk on those financial assets has increased significantly since initial recognition. If the credit risk has not increased significantly since initial recognition, the Group measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses, else at an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses.

When making this assessment, the Group uses the change in the risk of a default occurring over the expected life of the financial asset. To make that assessment, the Company compares the risk of a default occurring on the financial asset as at the balance sheet date with the risk of a default occurring on the financial asset as at the date of initial recognition and considers reasonable and supportable information, that is available without undue cost or effort, that is indicative of significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition. The Company assumes that the credit risk on a financial asset has not increased significantly since initial recognition if the financial asset is determined to have low credit risk at the balance sheet date.

Financial liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement

All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value and transaction cost that is attributable to the acquisition

Financial assets at fair value through profit and loss

- A financial asset is measured at FVTPL unless it is measured at amortized cost or at FVTOCI as explained above. Such financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value at each reporting date. Fair value changes are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

This category applies to investments by the Company in non-convertible debentures, perpetual bonds.

De-recognition of financial assets A financial asset is de-recognized when:

(i) Contractual right to receive cash flows from such financial asset expires;

(ii) Company transfers the contractual right to receive cash flows from the financial asset; or

(iii) Company retains the right to receive the contractual cash flows from the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay such cash flows to one or more recipients.

Where the Company has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards associated with the ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is de-recognized. Where the Company has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not de-recognized.

Where the Company has neither transferred nor retained substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is de-recognized if the Company does not retain control of the financial asset. Where the Company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognized to the extent of continuing involvement in such financial asset.

Impairment of financial assets

i n accordance with Ind AS 109, the Company applies expected credit loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss for financial assets.

ECL is the weighted-average of difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Company in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the Company expects to receive, discounted at the original effective interest rate, with the respective risks of default occurring as the weights. When estimating the cash flows, the Company is required to consider:

- All contractual terms of the financial assets (including prepayment and extension) over the expected life of the assets. transaction either in Other Comprehensive Income or directly in Equity.

Current income tax for current and prior periods is recognized at the amounts expected to be paid to or recovered from the tax authorities, using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

The Company off-sets current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to set-off the recognized amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Minimum alternate tax

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. MAT Credits are in the form of unused tax credits that are carried forward by the Company for a specified period of time. Accordingly, MAT Credit Entitlement has been grouped with deferred tax asset (net). Correspondingly, MAT credit entitlement has been grouped with deferred tax in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax is provided using the liability method on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probable that the underlying tax loss or deductible temporary difference will be utilized against future taxable income. This is assessed based on the Company''s forecast of future operating results, adjusted for significant non-taxable income and expenses and specific limits on the use of any unused tax loss or credit. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be 1available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilized. Unrecognized deferred tax assets (including MAT credits) are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred tax relating to items recognized outside profit or loss is recognized outside profit or loss (either in other comprehensive income or in equity).

of the financial liabilities is also adjusted. These liabilities are classified as amortized cost.

Subsequent measurement

Subsequently carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method. For trade and other payables maturing within one year from the Balance Sheet date, the carrying amounts approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

De-recognition of financial liability

A financial liability is de-recognized when the underlying obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the de-recognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.

offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the Balance Sheet if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realize the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

(i) Investments in subsidiaries

Investment in subsidiaries are carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses, if any. Where an indication of impairment exists, the carrying amount of the investment is assessed and written down immediately to its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s fair value less cost of disposal and value in use. On disposal of the investments, the difference between net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(j) Taxation

Tax expense recognized in the Statement of Profit or Loss comprises the sum of deferred tax and current tax except the ones recognized in Other Comprehensive Income or directly in Equity.

current tax

Calculation of current tax is based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted for the reporting period. Current income tax relating to items recognized outside profit or loss is recognized outside profit or loss (either in Other Comprehensive Income or in Equity). Current tax items are recognized in correlation to the underlying

compensated absences is recognized in the period in which the absences occur.

The measurement of other long-term employee benefits is not usually subject to the same degree of uncertainty as the measurement of post-employment benefits. Hence the remeasurements are not recognized in Other Comprehensive Income.

(l) cash and cash equivalents

For the purpose of presentation in the Statement of Cash Flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, cash at bank, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less, which are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

(m) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets Provisions

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation that is reasonably estimable, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are determined by discounting the expected future cash flows at a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as interest expense.

contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the entity or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or it cannot be measured with sufficient reliability. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

contingent assets

Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed. However, when realization of income is virtually certain, related asset is recognized.

(n) Earnings per equity share (EPS)

Basic earnings per equity share is calculated by dividing the profit for the year attributable to equity holders of

(k) Employee benefits expense:

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits expense are recorded in accordance with Ind AS 19, Employee Benefits.

Defined contribution plan:

Retirement benefit in the form of provident fund is a defined contribution scheme. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The Company recognizes contribution payable to the provident fund scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service. Prepaid contributions are recognized as an asset to the extent that a cash refund or a reduction in the future payments is available.

Defined benefit plans:

Gratuity

The defined benefit obligation for post-employment benefit plan is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation denominated in INR is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation.

The net interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the balance of the defined benefit obligation. This cost is included in employee benefit expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Remeasurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur, directly in Other Comprehensive Income. They are included in retained earnings in the Statement of Changes in Equity and in the Balance Sheet. Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognized immediately in Profit or Loss as past service cost.

Other long-term employee benefits:

Compensated Absences

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absences which are both accumulating and non-accumulating in nature. The expected cost of accumulating compensated absences is determined by actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method on the additional amount expected to be paid or availed as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the balance sheet date. Expense on non-accumulating

Company as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to the Statement of Profit or Loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor''s expected inflationary cost increases.

(p) Government grant

The Company is entitled to grants from state government in respect of state incentive scheme. Such subsidies are measured at amounts receivable from the government which are non-refundable and are recognized as income when there is a reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with all necessary conditions attached to them.

Government grants related to revenue are recognized on a systematic basis in net profit in the Statement of Profit and Loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate.

(q) Fair value

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In estimating the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company takes in to account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. Fair value for measurement and or disclosure purposes in the financial statements is determined on such basis.

In addition, for financial reporting purposes, fair value measurements are categorized into Level 1, 2, or 3 based on the degree to which the inputs to the fair value measurements are observable and the significance of the inputs to the fair value measurements in its entirety, which are described as follows:

- Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date;

- Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly;

- Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

the Company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Ordinary shares that will be issued upon the conversion of a mandatorily convertible instrument are included in the calculation of basic earnings per share from the date the contract is entered into.

Diluted earnings per equity share is calculated by dividing the profit attributable to equity holders of the Company (after adjusting for interest on the convertible preference shares, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year plus the weighted average number of equity shares that would be issued on conversion of all the dilutive potential equity shares into equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented.

(o) Lease As a lessee Finance lease

A lease is classified at the inception date as a finance lease or an operating lease. A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership to the Company is classified as a finance lease.

Finance leases are capitalized at the commencement of the lease at fair value of the leased property or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments, each determined at the inception of the lease. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognized in finance costs in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset or the useful life envisaged in Schedule II to the Act, whichever is lower. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, the capitalized asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset, the lease term or the useful life envisaged in Schedule II to the Act.

operating lease

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the

(r) Borrowing costs

Interest on borrowing is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable on the borrowing. Ancillary expenditure incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings is amortized over the tenure of the respective borrowings. An unamortized borrowing cost remaining, if any, is fully expensed off as and when the related borrowing is prepaid or cancelled.

(s) Dividends

The final dividend on equity shares is recorded as a liability on the date of approval by the shareholders, and interim dividends are recorded as a liability on the date of declaration by the Company''s Board of Directors.

(t) Events after reporting date

Where events occurring after the Balance Sheet date provide evidence of conditions that existed at the end of the reporting period, the impact of such events is adjusted within the financial statements. Otherwise, events after the Balance Sheet date of material size or nature are only disclosed.

(u) Segment reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision maker (CODM) of the Company. The CODM is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments of the Company.

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision maker. As per requirements of Ind AS 108, ''Segment Reporting'', no disclosures are required to be made since the Company''s activities consists of a single business segment of internet based delivery of services.

(v) Transfer pricing

In accordance with international transfer pricing regulations of the Income Tax Act, 1961, the Company is required to use certain specific methods in computing arm''s length prices of international transactions with associated enterprises and maintain documentation in this respect. These regulations require that such information and documentation be to contemporaneous, including conducting a benchmark study to determine whether any transactions with associated enterprises undertaken are on an arm''s length basis. The Company is in the process of updating its transfer pricing study for the Financial year ended

31 March 2018. Management is of the opinion that the Company''s international transactions are at arm''s length. Consequently, no adjustments, if any, that may arise from this study are presently recorded in the standalone financial statements.

Notes:

i) As at the Balance Sheet date, none of the investments in equity instruments have been impaired.

ii) The Company has given a corporate guarantee to CITI Bank N.A, on behalf of its step-down subsidiary, 123Stores Inc., amounting to '' 3200 lacs in India, for the loan taken by its step-down subsidiary. 123Stores Inc. has obtained a loan amounting to USD 5 million form CITI Bank N.A. The financial guarantee has been fair valued as per IND AS 109.

iii) The Company has measured its investment in subsidiaries at cost in accordance with Ind AS 27 - Separate Financial Statements.

(i) Loans to subsidiaries

The Company had given an unsecured loan to IntraSoft Ventures Pte. Limited for business purposes, amounting to Nil (31 March 2017 - Nil; 01 April 2016 - Rs, 351.13 lacs). The same was repayable on demand and carries an interest rate of 8% p.a. Interest accrued on the same amounts to Nil (31 March 2017 - Nil; 01 April 2016 - Rs, 6.20 lacs)

The Company has given an interest free, unsecured loan to One Two Three Greetings (India) Private Limited for working capital requirement, amounting to Rs, 75 lacs (31 March 2017 - Rs, 85 lacs; 01 April 2016 - Rs, 90 lacs). The same is repayable on demand.

(ii) Loans to other parties

The Company had given an unsecured loan to a body corporate amounting to Nil (31 March 2017 - Rs, 157 lacs; 01 April 2016

- Rs, 200.20 lacs). Interest accrued on the same amounts to Nil (31 March 2017 - Rs, 12.93 lacs; 01 April 2016 - Rs, 6.80 lacs).

Notes:

(i) The Company can utilise these balances only towards settlement of unclaimed dividends.

(ii) The Company has deposited Rs,30 Lacs against fixed deposit with HDFC Bank for bank guarantee issued in favour of Santosh Promoters Pvt. Limited as per the order of Supreme Court dated 01 May 2017.

(iii) The Company has transferred an amount of Rs,0.90 lacs of unpaid dividend to the Investor Education and Protection fund for the financial year 2009-10.

(a) Reconciliation of equity share capital

There is no movement in the equity share capital during the current and comparative periods.

(b) Terms and rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs, 10 per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian Rupees. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of the equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts if any. However, no such preferential amounts exist currently. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

(c) No additional shares were allotted as fully paid up by way of bonus shares or pursuant to contract without payment being received in cash during the last five years. Further, none of the shares were bought back by the Company during the last five years.

(e) The Board of Directors at its meeting held on 28 May 2018 proposed a dividend of Rs, 2 per equity share (31 March 2017: Rs, 2 per equity share) amounting to Rs, 355.20 lacs (31 March 2017: Rs, 354.58 lacs) including dividend distribution tax of Rs, 60.57 lacs (31 March 2017: Rs, 59.95 lacs). The proposed dividend by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

(c) Nature and purpose of reserves capital reserve

The Company has transferred the net surplus arising from amalgamation in accordance with the terms of Scheme of amalgamation.

General reserve

The Company has transferred a portion of the net profit of the Company before declaring dividend to general reserve pursuant to the earlier provisions of Companies Act 1956. Mandatory transfer to general reserve is not required under the Companies Act 2013.

Securities premium

The amount received in excess of face value of the equity shares is recognized in Securities Premium Reserve. Securities premium is used to record the premium on issue of shares. The reserve is utilised in accordance with the provisions of Section 52 of the Companies Act, 2013.

Debt instruments through Other comprehensive Income:

The debt instruments are measured at fair value and the change is recognized through Other Comprehensive Income. Upon derecognition, the cumulative fair value changes on the said instruments are reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Note:

(i) Term loan from Barclays Bank PLC:

The Company obtained a term loan from Barclays Bank PLC amounting to Nil (31 March 2017 - Nil; 01 April 2016 - INR 330 lacs) which was repaid on 02 January 2017 along with interest. It carried an interest rate of 9.95% p.a. The above loan was secured by way of pledge of investments in debentures of the Company.

(a) Defined contribution plans

Eligible employees of the Company receive benefits under the provident fund which is a defined contribution plan wherein both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions equal to a specific percentage of covered employees'' salary. These contributions are made to the fund administered and managed by the Government of India and the Company has no further obligation beyond making its contribution. The Company''s monthly contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(b) Defined benefits plan

Gratuity is a post employment benefit and is a defined benefit plan. The gratuity plan is governed by the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 (''the Act''). The liability recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date, together with adjustment for unrecognized actuarial gains or losses and past service cost. Independent actuaries calculate the defined benefit obligation annually using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses are credited/ charged to the Statement of Other Comprehensive Income in the year in which such gains or losses arise.

(c) Aforesaid post-employment benefit plans typically expose the company to actuarial risks such as: investment risk, interest rate risk, longevity risk and salary risk.

Investment risk The present value of the defined benefit liability is calculated using a discount rate which is determined by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds.

Interest risk A decrease in the bond interest rate will increase the plan liability; however, this will be partially offset by an increase in the return on the plan''s investments.

Longevity risk The present value of the defined benefit liability is calculated by reference to the best estimate of the mortality of plan participants both during and after their employment. An increase in the life expectancy of the plan participants will increase the plan''s liability.

Salary risk The present value of the defined benefit liability is calculated by reference to the future salaries of plan participants. As such, an increase in salary of the plan participants will increase the plan''s liability.

Notes:

(i) Guarantee given for step-down subsidiary 123Stores, Inc. is ''3,200 lacs.

(ii) Guarantee given to customs for bonded warehouse is ''1.25 lacs.

(iii) Guarantee issued in favour of Santosh Promoters Pvt. Limited amounting Rs, 30 lacs vide Supreme court order dated 01 May 2017.

(iv) Claim from S.S. Interiors of Rs, 17.72 lacs for Service Tax & Hire Charges on facility agreement.

स्रोत: रेलीगरे टेचनोवा

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