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moneycontrol.com भारत | लेखांकन नीति > Finance - General > लेखांकन नीति फॉलोड से Keynote Financial Services - बीएसई: 512597, NSE: KEYCORPSER

Keynote Financial Services

बीएसई: 512597  |  NSE: KEYCORPSER  |  ISIN: INE681C01015  |  Finance - General

खोजें Keynote Financial Services कनेक्शन मार्च 17
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '18

1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

a) Basis of preparation of financial statements

These Financial Statements are prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (‘Act’) read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Act (to the extent notified) and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis. GAAP comprises of mandatory accounting standards as prescribed under the Act. Accounting policies have been consistently applied.

b) Use of estimates

Preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes and the useful lives of fixed tangible assets and intangible assets. Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known.

c) Current/Non-current classification of assets and liabilities

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company’s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of resources for delivery and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as up to twelve months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

d) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

e) Property Plant & Equipment

Tangible assets and intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortization and impairments, if any. Cost includes expenses related to purchases, borrowing costs and any directly attributable cost for bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use and excludes any duties and taxes recoverable, net of adjustments arising from the exchange rate variations attributable to the assets. Subsequent expenditure related to an item of tangible and intangible fixed asset is capitalized only if it increases the future benefits from the existing assets beyond its previously assessed standards of performance and / or life. The advances given for acquiring for fixed assets are shown under loans and advances (capital advances). The cost and related accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the financial statements upon sale or retirement of the asset and resultant gains or losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Items of tangible assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realizable value and are shown separately in the financial statements under “Other current assets”. Any expected loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Tangible assets and Intangible assets not ready for the intended use on the date of Balance Sheet are stated at Cost as “Capital work-in-progress” and “Intangible Assets under Development” respectively.

Depreciation is provided on pro rata basis under Straight Line Method, as per the useful life of the assets, on all the tangible fixed assets (including property held as investment) which were in use during the year. Residual value for the assets is considered to be at five percent of the original cost of the asset. If the assets are purchased during the year, depreciation is provided on pro - rata basis from the date the assets are installed. In case the assets are sold, depreciation is provided on the same up to the date of sale on pro - rata basis.

Individual assets costing less than Rs 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition.

Estimated useful lives of the tangible assets is as prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013, except in case of Investment Property.

f) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors except in case of intangibles under development which are reviewed at every reporting date. An impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss, wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset’s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to the present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessment of time value of money and the risk specifics to the asset.

An impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates of the recoverable amount and such loss either no longer exists or has decreased.

g) Operating Lease

Where the Company is the lessor

Leases in which the Company does not transfer substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as operating leases. Assets subject to operating leases are included in fixed assets. Lease income on an operating lease is recognized in the statement of profit and loss as per the terms of lease arrangements.

Assets given by the Company under operating lease are included in Investment property. Lease income from operating leases is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the non-cancellable lease term. Costs, including depreciation, incurred in earning the lease income are recognized as expenses. Initial direct costs incurred specifically for an operating lease are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

h) Investments

Investments which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as “Current Investments”. On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price. If an investment is acquired, or partly acquired, by the issue of shares or other securities, the acquisition cost is the fair value of the securities issued. All other investments are classified as “Non-Current Investments”.

If an investment is acquired in exchange for another asset, the acquisition is determined by reference to the fair value of the asset given up or by reference to the fair value of the investment acquired, whichever is more clearly evident.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of weighted average cost and market value determined on individual investment basis. Non-current investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary diminution in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

i) Investment property

Property given on lease is shown as Investment in property under “Non-Current Investments” and is depreciated using Straight Line method.

j) Revenue recognition

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that it can be reliably measured and there is no uncertainty about ultimate collection. Income from services is recognized with reference to achievement of milestones defined in the corresponding engagement letters or mandate letters entered with counter party which reflects the proportionate stage of completion method.

ii) Initial acceptance fee is recorded as income after the achievement of the first milestone. In situations where there is no further progress on the mandate, the initial acceptance fees so received, is recorded as income immediately after 12 from the date of issuing of invoice.

iii) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iv) Dividend from investments is accounted for as income when the right to receive the dividend is established.

v) Other income is recognized on accrual basis. k) Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the respective transactions or that approximates the actual rate at the date of transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions, settled during the year, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. The premium or discount on foreign exchange forward contracts is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are reported using the foreign exchange rates as at the balance sheet date. The resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss. Non monetary assets and liabilities are carried at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

l) Retirement and other employee benefits

i) Defined contribution plans

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a Government administered provident fund scheme and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund and ESIC is a defined contribution plan. The Company’s contribution is recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

ii) Defined benefit plans

The Company’s gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. Presently the gratuity scheme of the Company is unfunded. The Company’s net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan assets is deducted. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation by an independent actuary at the balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date. When the calculation results in a benefit to the Company, the recognized asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognized actuarial losses and past service costs and the present value of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date. The Company treats accumulated leave expected to be carried forward beyond twelve months, as long-term employee benefit for measurement purposes. Such long-term compensated absences are provided for based on the actuarial valuation.

m) Taxes on income

Income tax expense comprises of current and deferred income tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in Balance Sheet if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after tax holiday period and the resultant asset can be measured reliably.

n) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issue including for changes effected prior to the approval of financial statements by the Board of Directors.

o) Provisions, Contingent liabilities & Contingent assets

Provision is recognized in the financial statements when there is a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed unless the possibility of outflow of resources is remote.

Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

p) Dividends

The final dividend on shares is recorded as a liability on the date of approval by the shareholders, and interim dividends are recorded as liability on the date of declaration by the Company’s Board of Directors.

स्रोत: रेलीगरे टेचनोवा

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