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कोहिनूर फूड्स

बीएसई: 512559  |  NSE: KOHINOOR  |  ISIN: INE080B01012  |  Food Processing

खोजें कोहिनूर फूड्स कनेक्शन मार्च 16
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '18

1. Significant Accounting Policies

(a) Basis of Preparation

These Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (hereinafter referred to as the ''Ind AS'') as notified by Ministry of Corporate Affairs pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 3 of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards)Amendment Rules, 2016. These financial statements for the year ended March 31,2018 are prepared by the company under Ind AS for the first time. For all periods up to and including the year ended March 31,2017, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the accounting standards notified under the section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (hereinafter referred to as ''Previous GAAP'') used for its statutory reporting requirement in India immediately before adopting Ind AS. The financial statements for the year ended March 31,2017 and the opening Balance Sheet as at April 01,2016 have been restated in accordance with Ind AS for comparative information.

The Financial Statements have been prepared on the historical cost convention on going concern basis and on accruals basis unless otherwise stated.

The accounting policies are applied consistently to all the periods presented in the financial statements, including the preparation of the opening Ind AS Balance Sheet as at April 01,2016 being the'' date of transition to Ind AS''.

(b) Use of Estimates and Judgments

The preparation of Financial Statements requires management to make certain assumptions and estimates that affect the reported amount, the Financial Statements and Notes thereto. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which they materialize.

(c) Property, Plant and Equipment

The Company has adopted revaluation model for land & building. All the assets belonging to these classes of assets are carried at revalued amount being its fair value at the date of revaluation less subsequent depreciation. The Company shall carry out the revaluation of these assets periodically after every3to5 years.

Property, Plant & Equipment under all other classes are stated at cost of acquisition/installation inclusive of freight, duties, and taxes and all incidental expenses and net of accumulated depreciation. In respect of major projects involving construction, related pre-operational expenses form part of the value of assets capitalized. Expenses capitalized also include applicable borrowing costs. Subsequent costs are included in the asset''s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the entity and the cost can be measured reliably.

Property, plant and equipment which are not ready for intended use as on the date of Balance Sheet are disclosed as “Capital work-in-progress” and stated at the amount spent up to the date of balance sheet.

Intangible assets are stated at their cost of acquisition.

(d) Depreciation

Depreciation on Property, Plant & Equipment is provided on written down value method, in terms of useful life of the Assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013. The depreciation rates which are different from the principal rates specified in Schedule-II are as follows: -

Tarpaulin 100% p.a.

Wooden & Plastic Crates 100% p.a.

(e) Financial Instruments

(1) Financial Assets

Initial recognition and measurement

All financial assets are initially recognized at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities, which are not at fair value through profit or loss, are adjusted to the fair value on initial recognition.

Subsequent measurement

i) Financial assets carried at amortised cost

A financial asset is measured at amortised cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

ii) Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI)

A financial asset is measured at FVTOCI if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

iii) Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)

A financial asset which is not classified in any of the above categories are measured at FVTPL.

Investment in Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint Ventures

The Company has accounted for its investments in Subsidiaries, Associates and Joint Venture at cost.

Other Equity Investments

All other equity investments are measured at fair value. Investments which are not held for trading purposes and where the Company has exercised the option to classify the investment as Fair Value through other comprehensive income (''FVTOCI''), all fair value changes on the investment are recognised in OCI.

(2) Financial liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement

All financial liabilities are recognized at fair value and in case of loans, net of directly attributable cost. Fees of recurring nature are directly recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as finance cost.

Subsequent measurement

Financial liabilities are carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method. For trade and other payables maturing within one year from the Balance Sheet date, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

(3) Derivative financial instruments

Derivative financial instruments such as forward contracts, option contracts and cross currency swaps, to hedge its foreign currency risks are initially recognised at fair value on the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently remeasured at their fair value with changes in fair value recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period when they arise.

(f) Fair value measurement

The Company classifies the fair value of its financial instruments, FVTPL and FVTOCI, in the following hierarchy, based on the inputs used in their valuation:

i) Level 1 - The fair value of financial instruments quoted in active markets is based on their quoted closing price at the balance sheet date.

ii) Level 2 - The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market is determined by using valuation techniques using observable market data. Such valuation techniques include discounted cash flows, standard valuation models based on market parameters for interest rates, yield curves or foreign exchange rates, dealer quotes for similar instruments and use of comparable arm''s length transactions.

iii) Level 3 - The fair value of financial instruments that are measured on the basis of entity specific valuations using inputs that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

(g) Dividend to Equity Shareholders

Dividend to Equity Shareholders is recognised as a liability and deducted from shareholders'' equity, in the period in which the dividends are approved by the equity shareholders in the general meeting.

(h) Inventories

Raw materials, traded and finished goods are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Stores and spares are carried at cost.

Cost is determined on FIFO (First in First out) basis for raw material, and on weighted average method for all other categories of inventories. Cost comprises expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing such inventories to its present location and condition, where applicable, include appropriate overheads based on normal level of activity.

(i) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

(j) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is measured at fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of discount, rebate, returns and value added taxes. The Company recognizes revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured; when it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity; and when specific criteria have been met for each of the Company activities.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all the significant risk and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract, there is no continuing managerial involvement with the goods and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably. On recognition of revenue the Company retains no effective control of the goods transferred to a degree usually associated with ownership and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of goods.

Interest income is recognized using the effective interest method. Revenue in respect of Insurance / others claims, Commission, etc. is recognized only when it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.

Revenue in respect of sale of licenses, duty drawback and other incentives is recognized on realization basis.

(k) Research and Development

Research expenditure is recognised in the statement of profit and loss as incurred. Development expenditure is capitalised only if the costs can be reliably measured, future economic benefits are probable, the product is technically feasible and the Company has the intent and the resources to complete the project. Development assets are amortised based on the estimated useful life, as appropriate.

(l) Employee Benefits

Contributions to defined provident fund are charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis. Present liability for future payment of gratuity is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date and the expenses is charged to the statement of profit and loss.

(m) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recognized at the prevailing exchange rates on the transaction dates. Realised gains and losses on settlement of foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates and the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.

(n) Government Grant

Grants from the government are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and the Company will comply with all attached conditions. Grant received from government towards property, plant &equipment''s acquired/constructed by the Company is deducted out of gross value of the asset acquired/ constructed and depreciation is charged accordingly.

(o) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs consist of interest, ancillary and other costs that the Company incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds and interest relating to other financial liabilities. Borrowing costs also include exchange differences to the extent regarded as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

Interest and other borrowing costs attributable to qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of such assets till such time the assets are ready for use. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(p) Income tax

Current -Income Tax:

Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred tax is provided using the balance sheet approach on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the tax are those that are enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised.

Current and Deferred tax is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity.

Minimum Alternate Tax:

According to section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961, Minimum Alternative Tax (''MAT'') paid over and above the normal income tax in a subject year is eligible for carry forward for fifteen succeeding assessment years for set-off against normal income tax liability. The MAT credit asset is assessed against the Company''s normal income tax during the specified period.

(q) Leases

Lease of assets, where the Company, as a lessee, has substantially assumed all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Assets acquired on finance lease are capitalised and depreciated as per Company''s policy on Property, Plant and Equipment. Finance lease are measured at the lease''s inception at the lower of fair value of the leased property and the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding lease rental obligations, net of finance charges, are included in borrowings or other financial liabilities as appropriate. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to the statement of profit and loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each year.

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the Company as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor''s expected inflationary cost increases.

(r) Provisions, Contingent Liability and Contingent Assets

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of obligation. Adisclosure of contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that will probably not require outflow of resources or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the Financial Statements.

(s) Impairment of Financial Assets

Expected credit losses are recognized for all financial assets subsequent to initial recognition other than financials assets in FVTPL category.

(t) Impairment of Non-Financial Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such Indication exists; the Company estimates the recoverable amount of assets. If such recoverable amount of the assets or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the assets belong is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of Profit & Loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the assets is reflected at recoverable amount.

(u) Exceptional Items

Exceptional items are disclosed separately in the financial statements where it is necessary to do so to provide further understanding of the financial performance of the company. These are material items of income or expense that have to be shown separately due to their nature or incidence.

(v) Earnings per share

The Company presents basic and diluted earnings per share data for its ordinary shares. Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is determined by adjusting the profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding, adjusted for own shares held, for the effects ofall dilutive potential ordinary shares.

(w) Events after the reporting period

Adjusting events are events that provide further evidence of conditions that existed at the end of the reporting period. The financial statements are adjusted for such events before authorisation for issue.

Non-adjusting events are events that are indicative of conditions that arose after the end of the reporting period. Non adjusting events after the reporting date are not accounted, but disclosed.

3. First time adoption of Ind AS

The Company has adopted Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) as notified by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs with effect from April 01,2017, with a transition date of April 01,2016. These financial statements for the year ended March 31,2018 are the first financial statements the Company has prepared under Ind AS. For all periods up to and including the year ended March 31,2017, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the accounting standards notified under the section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (''Previous GAAP'').

The adoption of Ind AS has been carried out in accordance with Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards. Ind AS 101 requires that all Ind AS standards and interpretations that are issued and effective for the first Ind AS financial statements be applied retrospectively and consistently for all financial years presented. Accordingly, the Company has prepared financial statements which comply with Ind AS for year ended March 31,2018, together with the comparative information as at and for the year ended March31,2017and the opening Ind AS Balance Sheet as at April 01,2016, the date of transition to Ind AS.

In preparing these Ind AS financial statements, the Company has availed certain exemptions in accordance with Ind AS 101, as explained below. The resulting difference between the carrying values of the assets and liabilities in the financial statements as at the transition date under IndAS and Previous GAAP have been recognised directly in retained earnings.

Exemptions availed on First Time Adoption

(i) Investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates

The Company has elected to adopt the carrying value under previous GAAP as on the date of transition i.e. April 1,2016 in its separate financial statements.

(ii) Property, Plant and Equipment

The Company has elected to adopt the carrying value under previous GAAP as deemed costs as on the date of transition i.e. April 1,2016 except the Land & Building for which the company has elected to adopt revaluation model.

(iii) Estimates

On transition, the company did not revise the estimates previously made under IGAAP except where required by Ind AS.

स्रोत: रेलीगरे टेचनोवा

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