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नाहर स्पिनिंग मिल्स

बीएसई: 500296  |  NSE: NAHARSPING  |  ISIN: INE290A01027  |  Textiles - Hosiery & Knitwear

खोजें नाहर स्पिनिंग मिल्स कनेक्शन मार्च 16
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '18

26. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

I) BACKGROUND:

Nahar Spinning Mills Limited (the “Company”) incorporated as a Private Limited company in 1980 and became a Public Limited company in 1983. Nahar Spinning Mills Limited is engaged in the business of manufacture of cotton yarn/blended yarn and hosiery knit wears . The company is a public Limited company domiciled in India and is incorporated under the provisions of Companies Act applicable in India, Its shares are listed in recognized stock exchanges of India. The registered office of the company is located at 373, Industrial Area ’A’, Ludhiana.

ii) SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

This note provides a list of the significant accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these financial statements. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwise stated.

a) BASIS OF PREPARATION:

i) Compliance with Ind AS

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS)as per Companies Indian Accounting Standard Rules, 2015 notified under section 133 of the Companies Act,2013 (the Act) and other relevant provisions of the Act. The Financial statements of the company for the year ended 31 March,2018 have been approved by the Board of Directors at their meetings held on 30th May,2018.

The financial statements of the company have been prepared on going concern basis and historical cost basis except certain financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value and defined benefit plans- assets measured at fair value.

The Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

(ii) Rounding of amounts

All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off to the nearest lacs as per the requirement of Schedule III, unless otherwise stated

(iii) Current/Non-current classification :

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per company’s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Act.

b) Foreign currency translation

Items included in the financial statements of each of the company’s entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates (’the functional currency’). The financial statements are presented in Indian rupee (INR), which is Nahar Spinning Mills Limited’s functional and presentation currency.

Foreign currency translations are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at year end exchange rates are generally recognized in the Statement of profit and loss.

c) Revenue recognition

(i) Revenue from sales are recognized when significant risk and rewards of ownership of the goods has been transferred to the buyer and entity does not have the effective control over the goods sold.

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivables. Amounts disclosed as revenue are inclusive of excise duty (upto 30.06.2017) and net of returns, trade allowances, rebates, and GST/Value added taxes.

The company recognizes revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured, it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity and specific criteria have been met for each of the company’s activities. The company bases its estimates on historical results, taking into consideration the type of customer, the type of transaction and specific of each arrangement.

(ii) Export Incentives- Export incentives are recognized on post export basis.

(iii)Interest income - Interest income from debt instruments is recognized using the effective interest rate method.

(iv)Dividend income - Dividends are recognized in profit or loss only when the right to receive payment is established

(v) Rental Income- Rental income is accounted for on accrual basis.

(vi) Scrap (i.e empties, wastage etc. Other than production ) is accounted for on sale basis

(vii)Income and other Claims - Revenue in respect of claims is recognized when no Significant uncertainty exists with regard to the amount to be realised and ultimate Collection thereof .

d) GOVERNMENT GRANT :

Grants from the government are recognized at their fair value when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and the company will comply with all attached conditions.

Government grant relating to income are deferred and recognized in the profit or loss over the period necessary to match them with the costs that they are intended to compensate and presented within other income.

Government grants relating to purchase of property, plant and equipment are included in non-current liabilities as deferred income and are recognized in the statement of Profit and Loss over the expected lives of the related assets and presented within other income.

e) INCOME TAX :

The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period’s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for each jurisdiction by the end of the reporting period adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realised or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

Deferred tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilize those temporary differences and losses. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to same taxation authority. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Current and deferred tax is recognized in the Statement of profit and loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In that case, the tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

f) TRADE RECEIVABLES:

Trade receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.

g) CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, other bank balances, and bank overdrafts.

h) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. However to determine the cost, the following methods are adopted:-

1. a) For Raw Material on moving weighted average method plus direct expenses.

b) For Stores and Spares on moving weighted average method plus direct expenses.

c) For Work-in-Process, cost of Raw Material plus appropriate share of manufacturing expenses/relevant Overheads/conversion cost depending upon the stage of completion.

2. For Finished goods, cost of raw material plus conversion costs, packing cost and other overheads incurred to bring the inventories to their present condition and location.

3. Further Wastage and Rejections are valued at net realizable value only.

4. Goods in Transit are valued at cost. i) FINANCIAL ASSETS

i) Classification

The company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories -

- Those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income or through Statement of profit and loss), and

- Those measured at amortized cost

The classification depends on the company’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of cash flows.

For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will either be recorded in profit or loss or other comprehensive income. For investments in debt instruments, this will depend on the business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether the company has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at the fair value through other comprehensive income.

ii) Measurement

At initial recognition, the company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus transaction cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. In the case of a financial asset at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs of financial assets are expensed in the Statement of profit and loss. The company subsequently measures all equity investments at fair value. Where the company’s management has elected to present fair value gains and losses on equity investments in OCI, there is no subsequent reclassification of fair value gains and losses to profit or loss.

iii) Impairment of financial assets

Impairment exists when the carrying value of an asset or cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount, which is the higher of its fair value less cost of disposal and its value in use.

The company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortized cost and FVOCI debt instruments. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

For trade receivables only, the company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, which requires expected lifetime losses to be recognized from initial recognition of the receivables.

iv) Derecognition of Financial Assets:

A financial asset is derecognized only when

- The company has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset or

- Retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.

j) Impairment of Non-Financial assets

Assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is higher of an asset’s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from assets or group of assets (cash-generating units). Non-Financial assets suffered an impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period. k) Non- Current Assets Held for Sale :

Non-current assets are classified as held for sale if their carrying amount will be recovered principally through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use and sale is considered highly probable. They are measured at lower of their carrying amount and fair value less cost to sell, except for assets such as deferred tax assets, assets arising from employee benefits, financial assets and contractual rights under insurance contracts, which are specifically exempt.

Non-current assets are not depreciated or amortized while they are classified held for sale. Interest and other expenses attributable to the liabilities of disposal, company classified as held for sale, continue to be recognized.

l) Derivatives that are not designated as hedges

The company enters into certain derivatives/forward contracts to hedge foreign currency risks which are not designated as hedges. Such contracts are accounted for at fair value through profit or loss. m) Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment if any. Cost directly attributable to acquisition are capitalized until the property, plant and equipment are ready for use.

Depreciation methods, estimated useful lives and residual value

The company depreciates its property, plant and equipment over the useful life in the manner prescribed in the Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

a) In Garment Division at Ludhiana, depreciation is charged on W.D.V. basis.

b) In all other units, depreciation is charged on Straight Line basis.

The residual values are not more than 5% of the original cost of the assets.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of property, plant and equipment outstanding at each balance sheet date is classified as capital advances under other ’non-current assets’ and the cost of assets not put to use before such date are disclosed under ’Capital work-in-progress’.

Subsequent expenditures relating to property, plant and equipment is capitalized only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with these will flow to the company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably.

Repairs and maintenance costs are recognized in net profit in the Statement of Profit and Loss when incurred.

The cost and related accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the financial statements upon sale or retirement of the asset and the resultant gains or losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed periodically, including at each financial year end. n) Investment Properties

Property that is held for long term rental yields or for capital appreciation or both, and that is not occupied by the company, is classified as investment property. Investment property is measured initially at its cost, including related transaction costs and where applicable borrowing costs. Subsequent expenditure is capitalized to the asset’s carrying amount only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the expenditure re will flow to the company and cost of the item can be measured reliably.

Investment properties are depreciated using the written down value method over the useful life of 60 years.

o) Intangible assets Computer software

Computer software are stated at cost, less accumulated amortisation and impairment ,if any.

Amortisation methods and periods

The company amortizes the computer software with a finite useful life over the period of 6 years. p) Trade and other payables

These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the company prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid.

q) Borrowings

Borrowings are initially recognized at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognized in profit or loss over the period of the borrowings using effective interest method.

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period. r) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred. s) Provisions and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognized when the company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated.

Provisions are measured at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period.

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of futu re outflow of resources or where a reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. t) Employee benefits

(i) Short term obligations

Liabilities for wages and salaries, including non-monetary benefits, if any, that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in respect of employees services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled.

(ii) Other long term employee benefit obligations

The liabilities, if any, which needs to be settled after 12 months from the end of the period in which the employees render the related services are measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of reporting period using the projected unit credit method.

(iii) Post-employment obligations

The liability or asset recognized in the balance sheet in respect of defined benefit gratuity plans is the present value of the defined benefit obligations at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of plan assets. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

Re-measurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the period in which they occur, directly in other comprehensive income. They are included in retained earnings in the statement of changes in equity and in the balance sheet.

(iv) Defined contribution plans

Contribution to Provident Fund is made in accordance with the provisions of the Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

u) Estimates and judgments

The preparation of financial statements requires the use of accounting estimates which, by definition, will seldom equal the actual results. Management has made judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and reported amounts of assets and liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amount of income and expenses during the period.

The areas involving critical estimates or judgments are:

- Estimation of current tax expense and payable.

- Designation of financial assets /liabilities through FVTPL .

- Estimation of defined benefit obligation.

- Recognition of deferred tax assets for carried forward tax losses.

Estimates and judgements are continually evaluated. They are based on historical experience and other

factors, including expectations of future events that may have a financial impact on company and that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.

(v) Cash Flow Statement

The cash flow statement is prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS)-7

“Statement of Cash Flows” using indirect method for operating activities.

स्रोत: रेलीगरे टेचनोवा

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