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moneycontrol.com भारत | लेखांकन नीति > Construction & Contracting - Civil > लेखांकन नीति फॉलोड से नोएडा टॉल ब्रिज कंपनी - बीएसई: 532481, NSE: NOIDATOLL

नोएडा टॉल ब्रिज कंपनी

बीएसई: 532481  |  NSE: NOIDATOLL  |  ISIN: INE781B01015  |  Construction & Contracting - Civil

खोजें नोएडा टॉल ब्रिज कंपनी कनेक्शन मार्च 16
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '18

NOTES FORMING PART OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 31, 2018

(1) BACKGROUND

(a) Corporate Information

Noida Toll Bridge Company Limited (NTBCL) is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in India on 8th April 1996 with its registered office at Toll Plaza, Mayur Vihar Link Road, New Delhi-110091. The equity shares of NTBCL are publicly traded in India on the National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange. Global Depository Receipts (GDRs) represented by equity shares of NTBCL were traded on Alternate Investment Market (AIM) of the London Stock Exchange till May 3, 2017.

The financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2018 were approved by the Board of Directors and authorized for issue on May 21, 2018.

NTBCL has been set up to develop, establish, construct, operate and maintain a project relating to the construction of the Delhi Noida Toll Bridge under the Build-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOOT) basis. The Delhi Noida Toll Bridge comprises the Delhi Noida Toll Bridge, adjoining roads and other related facilities, Mayur Vihar Link Road and the Ashram flyover which has been constructed at the landfall of the Delhi Noida Toll Bridge and it operates under a single business and geographical segment.

(b) Service Concession Arrangement entered into between IL&FS, NTBCL and NOIDA

A ''Concession Agreement'' entered into between NTBCL, Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services Limited (IL&FS, the promoter company) and New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (NOIDA), Government of Uttar Pradesh, conferred the right to the Company to implement the project and recover the project cost, through the levy of fees/ toll revenue, with a designated rate of return over the 30 years concession period commencing from 30 December 1998 i.e. the date of Certificate of Commencement, or till such time the designated return is recovered, whichever is earlier. The Concession Agreement further provides that in the event the project cost with the designated return is not recovered at the end of 30 years, the concession period shall be extended by 2 years at a time until the project cost and the return thereon is recovered. The rate of return is computed with reference to the project costs, cost of major repairs and the shortfall in the recovery of the designated returns in earlier years. As per the certification by the independent auditors, the total recoverable amount comprises project cost and 20% designated return. NTBCL shall transfer the Project Assets to the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority in accordance with the Concession Agreement upon the full recovery of the total cost of project and the returns thereon.

In the past, New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (NOIDA) has been in discussion with the Company to consider modifications of a few terms of the Concession Agreement. The Company at its 9th July 2015 Board meeting, approved the draft proposal (Subject to approval by NOIDA & Shareholders) for terminating the concession and handing over the bridge on March 31, 2031 and freezing the amount payable as on 31st March 2011.

The Hon''ble High Court of Allahabad had, vide its judgement dated October 26, 2016, on a Public Interest Litigation filed in 2012 (challenging the validity of the Concession Agreement and seeking the Concession Agreement to be quashed) directed the Company to stop collecting the user fee, holding the two specific provisions relating to levy and collection of fee to be inoperative, but refused to quash the Concession Agreement. Consequently, collection of user fee from the users of the NOIDA Bridge has been suspended from October 26, 2016, pursuant to which the Company has filed an appeal before the Hon''ble Supreme Court of India seeking an interim stay on the said judgment.

On November 11, 2016, the Hon''ble Supreme Court issued its Interim Order and though denying the interim stay, sought assistance of the CAG to submit a report whether the Total Cost of the Project, in terms of the Concession Agreement, had been recovered or not by the Company. The CAG has since submitted its report to the Hon''ble Supreme Court.

On April 3, 2018, the Hon''ble Supreme Court bench directed that the report submitted by CAG be kept in a sealed cover and that the matter be listed tentatively for hearing in July, 2018.

The Company has also notified the NOIDA Authority that the judgement of the Hon''ble Allahabad High Court, read with the Interim Order of the Hon''ble Supreme Court of India, constitutes a change in law under the Concession Agreement and submitted a detailed proposal for modification of the Concession Agreement, so as to place it in substantially the same legal, commercial and economic position as it was prior to the said Change in Law. The Company has, in this regard sent a notice of Arbitration to NOIDA Authority on 14th February, 2017. The Arbitral Tribunal has been constituted and Company has submitted its Statement of Claim. Noida too has submitted a counter claim on the Company and filed application on the maintainability of the arbitrary proceedings. The Company has challenged the application. At the hearing held on May 19, 2018, the Arbitral Tribunal heard the arguments of the legal counsel of Noida Authority in respect of their application on maintainability of the arbitration proceedings. As the arguments could not be concluded, the Arbitral Tribunal will decide on a date for the next hearing to continue with the arguments.

(2) Significant Accounting Policies

(a) Statement of Compliance

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Ind AS, as notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015.

(b) Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the going-concern principle and on a historical cost basis, except for ''available for sale'' investments, which have been measured at fair value. The presentation and grouping of individual items in the Balance Sheet, the Statement of Profit & Loss and the Cash Flow Statement are based on the principle of materiality.

Historical cost is generally based on the fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In estimating the fair value of an asset or a liability, the company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date.

In addition, for financial reporting purposes, fair value measurements are categorised into Level

1, 2 or 3, based on the degree to which the inputs to the fair value measurements are observable and the significance of the inputs to the fair value measurement in its entirety, which are described as follows:

• Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date;

• Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; and

• Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

The balance sheet presents current and non-current assets, and current and non-current liabilities, as separate classifications. For this purpose, an asset is classified as current if:

• It is expected to be realised, or is intended to be sold or consumed, in the normal operating cycle; or

• It is held primarily for the purpose of trading; or

• It is expected to realise the asset within 12 months after the reporting period; or

• The asset is a cash or equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period.

All other assets are classified as non-current. Similarly, a liability is classified as current if:

• It is expected to be settled in the normal operating cycle; or

• It is held primarily for the purpose of trading; or

• It is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting period; or

• The Company does not have an unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period. Terms of a liability that could result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments at the option of the counterparty does not affect this classification.

(c) Accounting for Rights under Service Concession Arrangement, Significant accounting judgments and estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires the management to make estimates, judgements and assumptions. Judgements and estimates are continually evaluated and are based on historical experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances.

The Company makes estimates and assumptions concerning the future. The resulting accounting estimates will, by definition, seldom equal the related actual results. Significant assumptions used in accounting for the intangible asset are given below:

• The Company has concluded that as operators of the bridge, it has provided construction services to NOIDA, the grantor, in exchange for an intangible asset, i.e. the right to collect toll from road users during the Concession period. Accordingly, the intangible asset has been measured at cost, i.e. fair value of the construction services. The company has recognised a profit which is the difference between the cost of construction services rendered (the cost of the project asset) and the fair value of the construction services.

• The exchange of construction services for an intangible asset is regarded as a transaction that generates revenue and costs, which have been recognised by reference to the stage of completion of the construction. Contract revenue has been measured at the fair value of the consideration receivable.

• The Management has capitalised qualifying finance expenses until the completion of construction.

• The intangible asset is assumed to be received only upon completion of construction and recognised on such completion. Until then, the management has recognised a receivable for its construction services. The fair value of construction services have been estimated to be equal to the construction costs plus margin of 17.5% and the effective interest rate of 13.5% for lending by the grantor. The construction industry margins range between 15-20% and Company has determined that a margin of 17.5% is both conservative and appropriate. The effective interest rate used on the receivable during construction is the normal interest rate which grantor would have paid on delayed payments.

• The Company considers that they will not be able to earn the assured return under the Concession Agreement over 30 years. The company has an assured extension of the concession as required to achieve project cost and designated returns. Post judgement of Hon''ble High Court of Allahabad dated October 26, 2016, wherein the Company has been directed to stop collecting the user fee has warranted to change the useful life of the Intangible Asset to 30 years.

• The value of the intangible asset is being amortised over the estimated useful life using straight line method from October 27, 2016 (hitherto in the proportion of the revenue earned for the period to the total estimated toll revenue i.e. revenue expected to be collected over the concession period).

• The carrying value of intangible asset is reviewed for impairment annually or more often if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

• Development rights will be accounted for as and when exercised.

• Maintenance obligations: Contractual obligations to maintain, replace or restore the infrastructure (principally resurfacing costs and major repairs and unscheduled maintenance which are required to maintain the Bridge in operational condition except for any enhancement element) are recognized and measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the balance sheet date. The provision for the resurfacing is built up in accordance with the provisions of IND AS 37, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets. Timing and amount of such cost are estimated and recognised on straight line basis over the period at the end of which the overlay is estimated to be carried out based on technical evaluation by independent experts.

(d) Foreign Currency Transactions

The functional currency of the Company is Indian Rupees. Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded in the functional currency rate ruling at the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rate of exchange ruling at the balance sheet date. All differences are taken to the income statement.

(e) Intangible Asset

The value of the intangible asset was measured and recognised on the date of completion of construction at the fair value of the construction services provided. It is being amortised over the estimated useful life using the straight line method from October 27, 2016 (hitherto in the proportion of the revenue earned for the period to the total estimated toll revenue i.e. revenue expected to be collected over the concession period).

(f) Property, Plant & Equipment

Property, Plant and Equipments have been stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment in value. Such cost includes the cost of replacing part of such plant and equipment when that cost is incurred if the recognition criteria are met.

The carrying values of Property, Plant and Equipment are reviewed for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

An item of Property, Plant and Equipment is derecognised upon disposal, or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is included in the income statement in the year the asset is derecognised.

The asset''s residual values, useful lives and methods are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at each financial year end.

(g) Depreciation

All assets are depreciated on a Straight Line Method (SLM) of Depreciation, over the useful life of assets as prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 other than assets specified in para below.

The following assets are depreciated over the useful life, other than the life prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013, based on internal technical evaluation, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technoloqical changes etc.:

Building 30 years

Data Processing Equipment 3 years

Furniture & Fixtures 7 years

Mobile and Ipad/Tablets 2 years

Vehicles 5 years (h) Impairment

Where an indication of impairment exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the management makes an estimate of the asset''s recoverable amount. An asset''s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s fair value less costs to sell and its value in use and is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. Impairment losses of continuing operations are recognised in the income statement in those expense categories consistent with the function of the impaired asset.

(i) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use. Where funds are temporarily invested pending their expenditures on the qualifying asset, any such investment income, earned on such fund is deducted from the borrowing cost incurred.

All other borrowing costs are recognised as finance charges in the income statement in the period in which they are incurred.

(j) Inventories

Inventories of Electronic Cards (prepaid cards) and On Board Units are valued at the lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost is recognised on First in First out basis.

(k) Provisions

Provisions are recognised when the company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event. It is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the income statement net of any reimbursement.

(I) Employee costs

Retirement benefit costs and termination benefits

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit plans are recognised as an expense when employees have rendered service entitling them to the contributions. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund and superannuation fund.

For defined benefit retirement benefit plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at the end of each annual reporting period. Re- measurement, comprising actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the changes to the asset ceiling (if applicable) and the return on plan assets (excluding net interest), is reflected immediately in the balance sheet with a charge or credit recognised in Other Comprehensive Income in the period in which they occur. Remeasurement recognised in Other Comprehensive Income is reflected immediately in retained earnings and will not be reclassified to profit or loss.

Past service costs are recognised in profit or loss on the earlier of:

• The date of the plan amendment or curtailment, and

• The date that the Company recognises related restructuring costs

Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate at the beginning of the year to the net defined benefit liability or asset.

Defined benefit costs are categorised as follows:

• service cost (including current service cost, past service cost, as well as gains and losses on curtailments and

• net interest expense or income; and

• re-measurement

The Company presents the first two components of defined benefit costs in profit or loss in the line item ''Employee Benefits Expense''. Curtailment gains and losses are accounted for as past service costs.

The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated using a discount rate which is determined by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds.

The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the actual deficit or surplus in the Company''s defined benefit plans. Any surplus resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of any economic benefits available in the form of refunds from the plans or reductions in future contributions to the plans.

A liability for a termination benefit is recognised at the earlier of when the entity can no longer withdraw the offer of the termination benefit and when the entity recognizes any related restructuring costs.

Short-term and other long-term employee benefits

A liability is recognised for benefits accruing to employees in respect of wages and salaries, annual leave and sick leave in the period the related service is rendered at the undiscounted amount of the benefits expected to be paid in in exchange for that service.

Liabilities recognised in respect of short-term employee benefits are measured at the undiscounted amount of the benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the related service.

Liabilities recognised in respect of other long-term employee benefits are measured at the present value of the estimated future cash outflows expected to be made by the Company in respect of services provided by employees up to the reporting date.

(m) Leases

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

The determination of whether an arrangement is (or contains) a lease is based on the substance of

the arrangement at the inception of the lease. The arrangement is, or contains, a lease if fulfilment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset or assets, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(n) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Revenue comprises:

Toll Revenue

Toll Revenue is recognised in respect of toll collected at the Delhi Noida Toll Bridge and Mayur Vihar link Road and the attributed share of revenue from prepaid cards.

License Fee

License fee income from advertisement hoardings, office space and others is recognised on an accrual basis in accordance with contractual rights.

Interest income

Revenue is recognised as interest accrues (using the effective interest method that is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial instrument to the net carrying amount of the financial asset).

(o) Taxes

Current tax represents the amount that would be payable based on computation of tax as per prevailing taxation laws. Current tax is determined based on the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year.

Deferred income tax is recognized on temporary differences at the balance sheet date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes.

Deferred income tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences.

Deferred income tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences, carry forward of unused tax assets and unused tax losses (where

such right has not been forgone), to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax assets and unused tax losses can be utilised, except where the deferred income tax asset relating to the deductible temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and, at the time of transaction, affects neither the accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss.

The carrying amount of deferred income tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date and reduced to the extent it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilised.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the year when the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.

(p) Financial Assets

All regular way purchases or sales of financial assets are recognised and derecognised on a trade date basis. Regular way purchases or sales are purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within the time frame established by regulation or convention in the marketplace.

All recognised financial assets are subsequently measured in their entirety at either amortised cost or fair value, depending on the classification of the financial assets.

In accordance with Ind AS 109, the Company applies expected credit loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss on the Trade receivables, deposits and other financial assets measured at amortised cost.

The Company derecognises a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or when it transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another party.

On derecognition of a financial asset in its entirety, the difference between the asset''s carrying amount and the sum of the consideration received and receivable and the cumulative gain or loss that had been recognised in other comprehensive income

and accumulated in equity is recognised in profit or loss as if such gain or loss would have otherwise been recognised in profit or loss on disposal of that financial asset.

(q) Financial liabilities and equity instruments

Financial liabilities are classified, at initial recognition, as financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, loans and borrowings, payables, or as derivatives designated as hedging instruments in an effective hedge, as appropriate.

The Company''s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings.

Classification as debt or equity

Debt and equity instruments issued by a Company are classified as either financial liabilities or as equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangements and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities that are not held-for-trading and are not designated as FVTPL are measured at amortised cost at the end of subsequent accounting periods. The carrying amounts of financial liabilities that are subsequently measured at amortised cost are determined based on the effective interest method. Interest expense that is not capitalised as part of costs of an asset is included in the ''Finance costs'' line item.

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a financial liability and of allocating interest expense over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash payments (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the financial liability, or (where appropriate) a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

Derecognition of financial liabilities

The Company derecognizes financial liabilities when, and only when, the Company''s obligations are discharged, cancelled or have expired. An exchange between with a lender of debt instruments with substantially different terms is accounted for as an extinguishment of the original financial liability and

the recognition of a new financial liability. Similarly, a substantial modification of the terms of an existing financial liability (whether or not attributable to the financial difficulty of the debtor) is accounted for as an extinguishment of the original financial liability and the recognition of a new financial liability. The difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability derecognised and the consideration paid and payable is recognised in profit or loss.

(r) Share based payment transactions

Equity-settled, share option plan are valued at fair value at the date of the grant and are expensed over the vesting year, based on the Company''s estimate of shares that will eventually vest. The total amount to be expensed over the vesting year is determined by reference to the fair value of the options granted, excluding the impact of any non-market vesting conditions. At each balance sheet date, the entity revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to become exercisable. The share awards are valued using the Black-Scholes option valuation method.

The Company recognises the impact of the revision of original estimates, if any, in the income statement, with a corresponding adjustment to equity. The proceeds received net of any directly attributable transaction costs are credited to share capital (nominal value) and share premium when the options are exercised.

The dilutive effect of outstanding options is reflected as additional share dilution in the computation of earnings per share.

(s) Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash comprises of Cash on Hand, Cheques on Hand and demand deposits with Banks. Cash Equivalents are short term, highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risks of changes in value.

(t) Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net profit for the year by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the year.

Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the year plus the weighted average number of ordinary shares that would be issued on the conversion of all the dilutive potential ordinary shares into ordinary shares.

(u) Dividend

Final dividends on shares are recorded as a liability on the date of approval by the shareholders and interim dividends are recorded as a liability on the date of declaration by the Company''s Board of Directors.

3. Standard Issued but not yet effective

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), on 28 March 2018, notified Ind AS 115, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as part of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2018. The new standard is effective for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 April 2018. The Management is in the process of evaluating the impact of the same on its financial statement.

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