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moneycontrol.com भारत | लेखांकन नीति > Plantations - Tea & Coffee > लेखांकन नीति फॉलोड से नॉर्बेन टी एंड एक्सपोर्ट्स - बीएसई: 519528, NSE: NORBTEAEXP

नॉर्बेन टी एंड एक्सपोर्ट्स

बीएसई: 519528  |  NSE: NORBTEAEXP  |  ISIN: INE369C01017  |  Plantations - Tea & Coffee

खोजें नॉर्बेन टी एंड एक्सपोर्ट्स कनेक्शन मार्च 15
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '19

NOTES ON FINANCIAL STATEMENT FOR THE YEAR ENDED ON 31ST MARCH, 2019 Note No. 1

CORPORATE INFORMATION

Norben Tea & Exports Limited is a company limited by shares, incorporated and domiciled in India. The Company is engaged in the business of growing and manufacturing of Tea and providing Commission.

Note No. 2

BASIS OF ACCOUNTING

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind As) as per the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act”) and other relevant provisions of the Act.

Company''s financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees, which is also its functional currency.

The standalone Ind AS financial statements have been prepared on historical cost basis except the following items:

a) Financial Assets - Current Investments in Shares - Valued at book value instead of market.

b) Deferred Tax Assets/Liabilities - Valued at fair value on Balance Sheet approach.

c) Unrealized Gain/Loss on Current Investments - The management is of the opinion that the investment is long term and strategic in nature. The management does not foresee any diminution in value of these investments; hence no provision is required to be made.

Note No. 3

Significant Accounting Policies

This note provides a list of the significant accounting policies adopted in the preparation of these financial statements. These policies have been consistently applied to all the years presented, unless otherwi se stated. The financial statements are for M/s Norben Tea & Exports Limited (the ''Company'').

3.1 Fair valuation of Investments

Under the previous GAAP, investments in equity instruments and mutual funds were classified as long-term investments or current investments based on the intended holding period and reliability. Long-term investments were carried at cost less provision for other than temporary decline in the value of such investments. Current investments were carried at lower of cost and fair value. Under I nd AS, these investments are required to be measured at fair value. The resulting fair value changes of these investments (other than equity instruments designated as at FVOCI) have been recognized in retained earnings as at the date of transition and subsequently in the profit or loss for the year ended 31 March 2019.

Fair value changes with respect to investments in equity instruments designated as at FVOCI have been recognized in FVOCI - Equity investments reserve as at the date of transition and subsequently in the other comprehensive income for the year ended 31 March 2019.

3.2 Borrowings

Ind AS 109 requires transaction costs incurred towards origination of borrowings to be deducted from the carrying amount of borrowings on initial recognition. These costs are recognized in the profit or loss over the tenure of the borrowing as part of the interest expense by applying the effective interest rate method.

Under previous GAAP, these transaction costs were charged off to Statement of Profit & Loss or capitalized with the qualifying asset as per the application of the corresponding Borrowings.

3.3 Remeasurements of post-employment benefit obligations

Under Ind AS, remeasurements i.e. actuarial gains and losses and the return on plan assets, excluding amounts included in the net interest expense on the net defined benefit liability are recognized in other comprehensive income instead of profit or loss. Under the previous GAAP, these remeasurements

were forming part of the profit or loss for the year.

3.4 Retained Earnings

Retained earnings as at April 1, 2016 has been adjusted consequent to the above Ind AS transition adjustments.

3.5 Other Comprehensive Income

Under Ind AS, all items of income and expense recognized in a period should be included in profit or loss for the period, unless a standard requires or permits otherwise. Items of income and expense that are not recognized in profit or loss but are shown in the statement of profit and loss as ''other comprehensive income'' includes remeasurements of defined benefit plans and fair value gains or (losses) on FVOCI equity instruments and debt instruments. The concept of other comprehensive income did not exist under previous GAAP

3.6 Deferred Tax

Indian GAAP requires deferred tax accounting using the income statement approach, which focuses on differences between taxable profits and accounting profits for the period. Ind AS 12 requires entities to account for deferred taxes using the balance sheet approach, which focuses on temporary differences between the carrying amount of an asset or liability in the balance sheet and its tax base. The application of Ind AS 12 approach has resulted in recognition of deferred tax on new temporary differences which was not required under Indian GAAP

In addition, the various transitional adjustments lead to different temporary differences. According to the accounting policies, the company has to account for such differences. Deferred tax adjustments are recognized in correlation to the underlying transaction either in retained earnings or a separate component of equity.

3.7 Re-classifications

The Company has done the following reclassifications as per the requirements of Ind-AS :

Assets / liabilities which do not meet the definition of financial asset / financial liability have been reclassified to other asset / liability.

Remeasurement gain/loss on long term employee defined benefit plans are re-classified from statement of profit and loss to OCI.

The Company has re-classified unpaid dividend balance form cash and cash equivalents to other bank balances.

Excise duty on sales was earlier netted off with Sales, has now been presented separately.

3.8 Property Plant and Equipment, Intangible Assets and Investment Properties

As permitted by para D5-D8B of Ind AS 101, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying values under previous GAAP for all the items of property, plant and equipment. The same election has been made in respect of intangible assets also.

Fixed Assets

i) Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at their original cost less depreciation. Cost includes incidental expenses. Profits or losses on sale of tangible fixed assets are included in the statement of profit and loss and calculated as difference between the value realized and book value. Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost. Subsidies received in respect of tangible fixed assets are deducted from the cost of respective assets.

ii) Cost of Plantations being Bearer Plants are valued on historical cost basis based on the cost incurred for new extension beginning from uprooting, planting, rejuvenation and maintenance etc. till the time it started bearing fruits/Green Tea leaves.

iii) Capital work-in-progress is stated at the amount expended up to the stage of completion of the project.

Depreciation

Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on Straight Line Method on all assets except land.

Depreciation on tangible assets is provided over the useful lives of assets estimated by the management. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a Straight Line basis commencing from the date assets are available to the Company for use. The management estimates the useful lives for the fixed assets are as follows :

* For these class of assets, based on internal assessment and independent technical evaluation carri ed out by external values the management believes that the useful lives as given above best represent the period over which management expects to use these assets.

Hence the useful lives for the assets is different from the useful lives as prescribed under Part C of Schedule 11 of the Companies Act, 2013. Freehold and Leasehold land are not depreciated.

3.9 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents includes Cash on Hand, Cash at Bank, Cheque in Hand and other short-term highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

3.10 Provisions

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

3.11 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends re lative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

3.12 Contingent liabilities

Provision of contingent liabilities are not made, unless & until the demand raised by statutory authorities, against which the company has preferred an appeal which is pending with the different forum of the said authorities are ascertained.

3.13 Recognition of Revenue

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue are inclusive of excise duty and net of returns, trade allowances, rebates, value added taxes, goods and service tax (GST) and amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

The Company recognizes revenue when the amount of revenue can be reliably measured, it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity and specific criteria have been met for each of the Company''s activities as described below. The Company bases its estimates on historical results, taking into consideration the type of customer, the type of transaction and the specifics of each arrangement.

Sale of goods

Sales represents invoiced value of goods sold excluding Goods and Service tax.

Income from Investment

Income from Investment other than investment in shares of companies is included, together with related tax deducted at source in the Statement of Profit & Loss on an accrual basis. Income from investment in shares of companies is recognized on actual realization.

Interest Income

Interest income is recognized on accrual basis.

Dividends

Dividend income is recognized when the company''s right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

3.14 Inventories

Inventories are valued as under :

Raw materials - At weighted average cost.

Stock of Tea - at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Stock of stores & spare parts - At cost (net of modvat credit) or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Other Stocks - At cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

Obsolete, slow-moving and defective stocks are identified at the time of physical verification of stocks and where necessary provision is made for such stocks.

स्रोत: रेलीगरे टेचनोवा

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