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moneycontrol.com भारत | लेखांकन नीति > Detergents > लेखांकन नीति फॉलोड से पी सी कॉस्मा स्कोप - बीएसई: 524136, NSE: N.A

पी सी कॉस्मा स्कोप

बीएसई: 524136  |  NSE: N.A  |  ISIN: INE417E01010  |  Detergents

खोजें पी सी कॉस्मा स्कोप कनेक्शन मार्च 15
लेखांकन नीति साल : मार्च '18

BASIS OF PREPARATION : Pursuant to MCA notification for applicability of IND AS, The Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 (as amended), the Company has adopted IND AS for the financial year beginning from April 1, 2017 with April 1, 2016 as the date of transition. These are the Company''s first annual financial statements prepared complying in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read with the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rule 2015. The financial statements comply with IND AS notified by Ministry of Company Affairs (“MCA”). The Company has consistently applied the accounting policies used in the preparation of its opening INDAS Balance Sheet at April 1, 2016 and comparative period presented. The company prepared financial statements for all periods upto 31st March 2017 in accordance with The Accounting Standards notified u/s 133 of the Companies Act 2013 (as amended) (read with Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 (Indian GAAP). Indian GAAP is considered as the previous GAAP, under INDAS 101.The reconciliation of effects of the transition from Indian GAAP to IND AS is disclosed in these financial statements. The financial statement has been prepared considering all INDAS as notified by MCA till reporting date i.e. March 31st, 2018.The financial statements provide comparative information in respect to the previous year (including Balance Sheet at the beginning on the transition date to INDAS).

The financial statements of the company are consistently prepared and presented under historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with INDAS.

The company''s functional currency and presentation currency is Indian Rupees (INR). All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes are in INR except otherwise indicated.

Classification of Assets and Liabilities into Current and Non-Current : The Company presents its assets and liabilities in the Balance Sheet based on current/ non-current classification.

As asset is treated as current when it is:

a) expected to be realised or intended to be sold or consumed in normal operating cycle;

b) held primarily forthe purpose of trading;

c) expected to be realised within twelve months after the reporting period; or

d) cash or cash equivalent unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is treated as current when :

a) it is expected to be settled in normal operating cycle;

b) it is held primarily for the purpose of trading;

c) it is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period; or

d) there is no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle being a period within twelve months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

Use of judgements, estimates and assumptions

The preparation of the company''s financial statements required management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosures of contingent liabilities. Uncertainly about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment in the future periods in the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected.

The following are the key assumptions concerning the future, and other key sources of estimation uncertainly at the end of reporting period that may have significant risk of causing material adjustments to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities with in:-

a) Useful life of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets: The company has estimated useful life of the Property, Plant and Equipment as specified in Schedule II to Companies Act 2013. However, the actual useful life for individual equipments could turn out to be different, there could be technology changes, breakdown, unexpected failure leading to impairment or complete discard. Alternately, the equipment may continue to provide useful service well beyond the useful assumed.

b) Fair value measurement of financial instruments: When the fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities cannot be measured based on quoted process in active market, the fair value is measured using valuation techniques including book value and discounted cash flow (DCF) model. The inputs to these models are taken from observable markets where possible, but where this is not possible, a degree of judgement is required in establishing fair values.

c) Impairment of financial and non-financial assets: The impairment provisions for the financial assets are based on assumptions about risk of default and expected loss rates. The company uses judgement in making these assumptions and selecting the input for the impairment calculations, based on Company''s past history, existing market conditions, technology, economic developments as well as forward looking estimates at the end of each reporting period.

d) Taxes: Taxes have been paid / provided, exemptions availed, allowances considered etc. are based on the extent laws and the company''s interpretation of the same based on the legal advice received wherever required. These could differ in the view taken by the authorities, clarifications issued subsequently by the government and court, amendments to statues by the government etc.

e) Defined benefit plans: The cost of defined benefit plans and other post-employment benefits plans and the present value of such obligations are determined using acturial valuations. An acturial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future.

f) Provisions: The Company makes provisions for leave encashment and gratuity, based on report received from the independent actuary. These valuation reports use complex valuation models using not only the inputs provided by the Company but also various other economic variables. Considerable judgement is involved in the process.

g) Contingencies: A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are measured at the present value of management''s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligations at the end of the reporting period. However, the actual liability could be considerably different.

1. Property, Plant and Equipment

(i) Freehold land is carried at historical cost. All other Property, plant and equipment are stated at their cost, net of recoveable taxes, trade discount and rebates less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any, on transition to Ind AS on 01.04.2016 and susequently the company uses cost model as per Ind AS-16. The cost of Tangible assets comprises its purchase price, borrowing cost, any other cost directly attributable to bringing the assets into present location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner intended by the Management, initial estimation of any de - commissioning obligations and finance cost.

(ii) Depreciation Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method over their useful lives and in the manner specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Depreciation on Fixed Asses is provided on Written Down Value Method over their useful lives and in the manner specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act,2013. Property, Plant & Equipment which are added/disposed off during the year the depreciation is provided on pro rata basis with reference to month of addition/deletion. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

(iii) Component Accounting When significant parts of property, plant and equipment are required to be replaced at intervals, the Company derecognizes the replaced part, and recognizes the new part with its own associated useful life and it is depreciated accordingly. Likewise, when a major inspection is performed, its cost is recognized in the carrying amount of the plant and equipment as a replacement if the recognition criteria are satisfied. All other repair and maintenance costs are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. The present value of the expected cost for the decommissioning of the asset after its use is included in the cost of the respective asset if the recognition criteria for a provision are met.

(iv) Expenditure during construction/erection period is included under Capital Work-in-Progress and is allocated to the respective fixed assets on completion of construction/ erection.

(v) Property, plant and equipment are eliminated from financial statement, either on disposal or when retired from active use. Losses arising in the case of retirement of Property, plant and equipment and gains or losses arising from disposal of property, plant and equipment are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of occurrence.

(vi) The assets” residual values, useful lives and methods of depreciation are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

2. Intangible Assets:

(i) Intangibles assets are recognised when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably. Intangible Assets are stated at cost which includes any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use. Intangible assets with finite useful lives are capitalized at cost and amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of 5 years.

(ii) Software:- Internally generated intangibles, excluding capitalised development costs, are not capitalised and the related expenditure is reflected in profit and loss in the period in which the expenditure is incurred. The amortisation period and the amortisation method for an intangible asset with a finite useful life are reviewed at least at the end of each reporting period. Changes in the expected useful life or the expected pattern of consumption of future economic benefits embodied in the asset are considered to modify the amortisation period or method, as appropriate, and are treated as changes in accounting estimates. Intangibles assets with indefinite useful lives (like goodwill, brands), if any are not amortised, but are tested for impairment annually, either individually or at the cash-generating unit level. The assessment of indefinite useful life is reviewed annually to determine whether indefinite life continues to be supportable. If not, the change in useful life from indefinite to finite life is made on prospective basis.

3. Inventories: Inventories are valued as under

Raw materials, Packing material, Stores and spares are valued at lower of cost (on a first in first out basis) and net realisable value. However materials and other items held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost if finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above manufacturing cost.

Stock in process is valued at lower of cost (on a first in first out basis)and net realisable value.

Finished goods are valued at cost (on a first in first out basis) or net realisable value whichever is lower. Cost for this purpose include direct materials, direct labour utilities, variable direct costs and manufacturing overheads, based on the normal operating capacity and depreciation.

4. (a) Cash and Cash equivalents:

i) Cash and cash equivalents are financial assets. Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and short term highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to cash with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase and are carried at cost plus accrued interest.

ii) For the purpose of the statement of Cash Flows, cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and short term deposits as defined above, net of outstanding bank overdrafts as they are considered as an integral part of the Company''s cash management.

b) Cash Flow Statement: Cash Flow are reported using indirect method, whereby profit for the year is adjusted for effects of transactions of non cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing, and financing activities of the company are segragated.

c) Bank Balances Other than above : Dividend Escrow account balance, deposit with bank as margin money for guarantees issued by bank, deposits kept as security deposit for statutory authorties are accounted as bank balance other than cash and cash equivalent.

5. Financial instruments:

A financial instrument is any contract that at the same time gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity. Financial instruments are recognized as soon as the company becomes a contracting party to the financial instrument. In cases where trade date and settlement date do not coincide, for non-derivative financial instruments the settlement date is used for initial recognition or derecognition, while for derivatives the trade date is used. Financial instruments stated as financial assets or financial liabilities are generally not offset; they are only offset when a legal right to set-off exists at that time and settlement on a net basis is intended.

A. Financial Assets: Financial assets include trade receivable, cash and cash equivalents, equity I debt instruments held. Initially all financial assets are recognised at amortised cost or fair value through Other Comprehensive Income orfair value through Statement of Profit or Loss, depending on its business model for those financial assets and their contractual cash flow characteristics. Subsequently, based on initial recognition/ classification, where assets are measured at fair value, gain and losses are either recognised entirely in the statement of profit and loss (i.e. fair value through profit or loss), or recognised in other comprehensive income (i.e. fair value through other comprehensive income).

(a) Trade receivables: Trade receivables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost less credit loss/impairment allowances.

Receivables that do not bear interest or bear below market interest rates and have an expected term of more than one year are discounted with the discount subsequently amortized to interest income over the term of the receivable.

Impairment is made on the expected credit loss model, which are the present value of the cash deficits over the expected life of receivables. The estimated impairment losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Subsequent changes in assessment of impairment are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as changes in estimates.

The company makes provision for expected credit loss against trade receivables based on the simplified approach (i.e. the loss allowance is measured as the amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses).

(b) Loans & other financial assets : Loans and other financial assets are financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. Such assets are recognized initially at fair value plus any directly attributable transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, loans and other financial assets are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method, less any impairment losses.

B. Financial liabilities: Financial liabilities such as loans and borrowings and other payables are recognized initially on the trade date, which is the date that the Company becomes a party to the contractual terms of the instrument. Financial liabilities other than fair valued through profit and loss are recognized initially at fair value less any directly attributable transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, these financial liabilities are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. Transaction costs of financial liability carried at fair value through profit or loss is expensed in profit or loss. The Company derecognizes a financial liability when its contractual obligations are settled orcancelled or expired.

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss:

It include financial liabilities held for trading and are designated such at initial recognition. Financial liabilities are held for trading if they are incurred for the purpose of repurchasing in near term and also include Derivatives that are not part of an effective hedge accounting in accordance with INDAS 109 , classified as “held for trading” and carried at fair value through profit or loss. Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are measured at each reporting date at fair value with all the changes recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost

Post recognition, interest bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method (EIR). Amortised cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fee or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortisation is included in finance costs in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Loans and Borrowings

After initial recognition, interest-bearing borrowings are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognised in profit or loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognised as transaction costs of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down.

Trade and other payables:

A payable is classified as ''trade payable'' if it is in respect of the amount due on account of goods purchased or services received in the normal course of business. Trade accounts payable and other non-derivative financial liabilities are in general measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. Finance charges, including premiums payable on redemption or settlement, are periodically accrued using the effective interest method and increase the liabilities'' carrying amounts unless they have already been settled in the period in which they were incurred.

C. Impairment of non-financial assets:

At each reporting date, the company assesses whether there is any indication that a non-financial asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the non-financial asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss, if any. Recoverable amount is determined:

- ln the case of an individual asset, at the higher of the Fair Value less cost to sell and the value in use: and

- In the case of cash generating unit (a group of assets that generates identified, independent cash flows) at the higher of cash generating unit''s fairvalue less cost to sell and the value in use.

Where it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual non-financial asset, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the smallest cash generating unit to which the non-financial asset belongs. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s fairvalue less costs of disposal and its value in use. If the recoverable amount of a non-financial asset or cash generating unit is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the non-financial asset or cash generating unit is reduced to its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognized immediately in the statement of Profit and Loss. Where an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the non-financial asset or cash generating unit is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount. However, this increased amount cannot exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for that non-financial asset or cash generating unit in prior periods. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognized immediately in the statement of Profit and Loss.

D. Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognised when the significant risk and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, recovery of consideration is probable , the associated cost can be estimated reliably , there is no continuing effective control or managerial involvment with the goods, and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably.

(a) Sale of Goods: Revenue from sale of goods is measured at the fair value of the consideration recived or receivable , taken in to account contractually defined terms of payment and are inclusive of Excise duty and net of Goods and Service Tax (GST), returns, discount and rebates.

(b) Interest Income: For all Financial instruments measured at amortised cost, interest income is recorded using effective interest rate (EIR), which is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash payments or receipts through the expected life of the financial instrument or a shorter period, where appropriate, to the net carrying amount of the financial asset. Interest income is included in other income in statement of profit and loss.

E. Employees Benefits:

(a) Short Term Employee Benefit: All employees'' benefits payable wholly within twelve months rendering services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, short-term compensated absences, performance incentives etc., and the expected cost of bonus, ex-gratia are recognized during the period in which the employee renders related service.

(b) Defined Contribution Plan: Contributions to the Employees'' Provident Fund and Employee''s State Insurance are recognized as Defined Contribution Plan and charged as expenses in the year in which the employees render the services.

(c) Defined Benefit Plan (Unfunded): The Leave Encashment and Gratuity are defined benefit plans. The cost of providing benefits under the defined benefit plan is determined using the projected unit credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date, which recognises each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measure each unit separately to build up the final obligation. Re-measurements, comprising of actuarial gains and losses , excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability, are recognised immediately in the balance sheet with a corresponding debit or credit to retained earnings through other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur. Re-measurements are not classified to the statement of profit and loss in subsequent periods. Past Service cost is recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the period of plan amendment. Net Interest is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net defined benefit liability or asset.

The Company recognises the following changes in the net defined benefit obligation under employee benefit expenses in the statement of profit and loss.

- Service costs comprising current service costs, gains and losses on curtailments and non-routine Settlements.

- Net interest income or expense.

(d) Long term Employee Benefit: Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date.

(e) Termination benefits: Termination benefits are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

The Company shall recognise a liability and expense for termination benefits at the earlier of the following dates:

(a) when the entity can no longer withdraw the offer of those benefits; and

(b) when the entity recognises costs for a restructuring that is within the scope of Ind AS 37 and involves the payment of termination benefits.

F. Borrowing Costs:

(a) Borrowing costs that are specifically attributable to the acquisition, construction, or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as a part of the cost of such asset till such time the asset is ready for its intended use or sale. Aqualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale.

(b) For general borrowing used for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset, the amount of borrowing costs eligible for capitalization is determined by applying a capitalization rate to the expenditures on that asset. The capitalization rate is the weighted average of the borrowing costs applicable to the borrowings of the Company that are outstanding during the period, other than borrowings made specifically for the purpose of obtaining a qualifying asset. The amount of borrowing costs capitalized during a period does not exceed the amount of borrowing cost incurred during that period.

(c) All other borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

G. Leases:

The determination of whether an arrangement is, or contains, a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception date, whether fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets or the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

(a) Finance Lease : Finance Lease that transfer substantially all of the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalised at the commencement of the lease at the fair value of the leased property or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and a reduction in the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability .Finance charges are recognised in finance costs in the statement of profit and loss unless they are directly attributable to qualifying assets, in which case they are capitalised in accordance with the Company''s policy on borrowing costs.

Aleased asset is depreciated overthe useful life of the asset. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term, the asset is depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset and the lease term.

(b) Operating Lease : Assets acquired on leases where a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by lessor are classified as operating leases.lnitial direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease are added to the carrying amount of the leased asset and recognised over the lease term on the same basis as rental income. Contingent rents are recognised as revenue in the period in which they are earned. Payments/receipts under operating lease are recorded in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis overthe period of the lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increases.

H. Taxes on income:

Income Tax expenses comprise current tax expenses and the net change in the deferred tax asset or liabilities during the year. Current and Deferred tax are recognised in Statement of Proit and Loss, except when they relate to items that are recognised in Other Comprehensive Income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognised in Other Comprehensive Income or directly in equity respectively.

Current Tax : The Company provides current tax based on the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 applicable to the Company.

Deferred Tax : Deferred tax is recognised using the Balance Sheet approach. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised for deductible and taxable temporary differences arising between the tax base of assets and liabilities and their carrying amount.Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences, the carry forward of unused tax credits and any unused tax losses. Deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilised. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable proit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilised. Unrecognised deferred tax assets are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognised to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax assets to be recovered. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realised or liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the reporting date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

I. Provisions, Contingent liabilities, Contingent assets and Commitments:

(a) General : The Company recognizes provisions for liabilities and probable losses that have been incurred when it has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that the Company will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, where appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a financing cost.

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of:

- A present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation:

- A present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate is possible:

- A possible obligation arising from past events, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote. Provisions, contingent liabilities, contingent assets and commitments are reviewed at each balance sheet date.

Contingent assets are not recognised but are disclosed in financial statement when an inflow of economic benefit is probable.

(b) Other Litigation claims: Provision for litigation related obligation represents liabilities that are expected to materialise in respect of matters in appeal.

J. Exceptional items:

On certain occasions, the size, type or incidence of an item of income or expense, pertaining to the ordinary activities of the company is such that its disclosure improves the understanding of the performance of the company, such income or expense is classified as an exceptional item and accordingly, disclosed in the notes accompanying to the financial statements.

K. Earnings per share:

Basic Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the profit from continuing operations and total profit, both attributable to equity shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. In case there are any dilutive securities during the period presented, the impact of same is given to arrive at diluted earning per share.

Diluted earnings per share is computed using the net profit for the year attributable to the shareholder1 and weighted average number of equity and potential equity shares outstanding during the year including share options, convertible preference shares and debentures, except where the result would be anti-dilutive. Potential equity shares that are converted during the year are included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share, from the beginning of the year or date of issuance of such potential equity shares, to the date of conversion.

L. Segment accounting:

The company''s business falls within a primary business segment viz Manufacturing of Laundry Soap, Detergent Powder and Cake, which is the only segment.

M. Fair value measurement:

The Company measures financial instruments such as derivatives and certain investments, at fair value at each balance sheet date.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:

- In the principal market for the asset or liability.

Or

- In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability The principal or the most advantageous market must be accessible by the Company.

The fair value of an asset or a liability is measured using the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, assuming that market participants act in their economic best interest.

A fair value measurement of a non- financial asset takes in to account a market participant''s ability to generate economic benefits by using the asset in its highest and best use or by selling it to another market participant that would use the asset in its highest and best use. The Company uses valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data are available to measure fair value, maximizing the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs.

All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorised within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole;

- Level 1- Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

- Level 2- Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable.

- Level 3- Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable.

For assets and liabilities that are recognised in the balance sheet on a recurring basis, the Company determines whether transfers have occurred between levels in the hierarchy by re-assessing categorization (based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fairvalue measurement as a whole) at the end of each reporting period.

For the purpose of fair value disclosures, the Company has determined classes of assets and liabilities on the basis of the nature, characteristics and risks of the asset or liability and the level of the fairvalue hierarchy as explained above.

N. First Time Adoption-Mandatory Exceptions and Optional Exemptions

The company has prepared the opening balance sheet as per INDAS as on transition date as on 01.04.2016 by

a) recognising all assets and liabilities whose recognition is required by IndAS

b) not recognising items of assets and liabilities not permitted by IndAS

c) reclassifying item from previous GAAP to IndAS as required under IndAS

d) applying IndAS in measurement of recognised assets and liabilities

However, this principle is subject to certain exceptions and certain optional exemptions availed by the company as under:-

1. De - recognition of Financial Assets and Liabilities

The company has applied dereognition requirements of financial assets and liabilities prospectively for transactions occuring on or after 01.04.2016.

2. Impairment of Financial Assets- The Company has applied impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 retrospectively, however as permitted by Ind AS 101, it has used reasonable and supportable information to determine credit risk at the date at which financial instruments were initially recognised in order to compare it with credit risk at transition date. However, the Company has not undertaken an exhaustive search for information when determining at the date of transition to Ind AS whether there has been significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition as permitted by IndAS 101.

3. Deemed Cost of Property, Plant and Equipment- The Company has elected to continue with carrying value of all its Property, Plant and Equipment recognised as of 01.04.2016 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

स्रोत: रेलीगरे टेचनोवा

न्यूज़ फ़्लैश

  • MARKET CUES : FIIs ने कैश में `781 Cr की बिकवाली की
  • MARKET CUES : DIIs ने कैश में `904 Cr की खरीदारी की
  • MARKET CUES : FIIs ने F&O में `788 Cr की बिकवाली की
  • MARKET CUES : इंडेक्स फ्यूचर्स में `736 Cr की बिकवाली
  • MARKET CUES : इंडेक्स ऑप्शंस में `490 की बिकवाली की
  • MARKET CUES : स्टॉक फ्यूचर्स में `393 Cr की खरीदारी
  • MARKET CUES : स्टॉक ऑप्शंस में `44.63 Cr की खरीदारी
  • IN F&O BAN : F&O बैन में Yes Bank शामिल
  • CLSA ON RELIANCE IND : BUY रेटिंग, लक्ष्य बढ़ाकर `2010/Sh
  • GOLDMAN SACHS ON RELIANCE IND : BUY रेटिंग बरकरार, लक्ष्य `1850/Sh

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Designed especially for traders looking to tap the profit opportunities of volatile markets.

Fundamental

For all investors looking to unearth stocks that are poised to move.